USAID VukaNow: Combating Wildlife Crime in Southern Africa Activity - Call for Grant Proposals APS No. 02

Please note: this opportunity closing date has passed and may not be available any more.
Opportunity closing date: 
Friday, 30 August, 2019
Dear Applicant:

USAID’s VukaNow Activity: Combating Wildlife Crime in Southern Africa, implemented by Chemonics International, is seeking concept papers for the implementation of activities designed to reduce wildlife crime in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The grants will be awarded and implemented in accordance with USAID and U.S. Government regulations governing Grants Under Contract (GUC) and USAID’s VukaNow (UVN) internal grant management policies.



UVN is a four-year activity funded by USAID and implemented by Chemonics International. The activity started in March 2018 and is currently anticipated to end in March 2022. The goal of the Combating Wildlife Crime (CWC) in Southern Africa Activity is to support the shared commitments of the U.S. Government (USG), the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC), member states, private sector partners and civil society to dramatically decrease wildlife crime across Southern Africa.  To achieve this purpose, USAID’s VukaNow Activity (UVN) has two main objectives:

  1. Catalyze learning and sharing for improved results to combat wildlife crime; and
  2. Increase collaborative action to reduce wildlife crime in targeted areas.

UVN is awarding grants to local and regional not-for-profit and for-profit NGOs, associations, and firms legally registered and recognized under the laws of a SADC member country. The objective of grant activities awarded through the APS is to support organisations to disrupt, mitigate, and reduce wildlife crime in eight SADC countires (Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe). Innovations through new or different approaches are strongly encouraged and will be prioritized. For VukaNow, innovation is the process of identifying a new or different way of doing things, inventing new items and approaches that have never existed before as well as making changes to something established by introducing something new or different that adds value.

Innovation is about developing growth and can be viewed as a purposeful and focused effort to achieve change. It can be incremental change, or a radical shift and both successes and failures contribute to innovation. The more radical an impact that a change brings to a situation the greater its extent of ‘disruption.’ The ‘extent’ of the change does not need to be major in size or extent for it to bring about impactful change. The stories and leadership of the past are participants in the journey towards new ideas for the future.

The innovation process includes knowledge and information distribution, idea generation, proof of concept testing, implementation, and sharing of outcomes.

Drivers of innovation can be:

  1. Emerging technologies
  2. Bringing in successes from other sectors or areas
  3. New ideas from organizations, strategic partners, communities and other interested and effective parties or individuals
  4. Emerging changes in the external environment can drive innovation

The grants program supports UVN’s objectives and regional activities to promote learning, capacity building, and the sharing of information and good practices to combat wildlife crime.

USAID’s VukaNow works closely with other USAID funded partners under the Combating Wildlife Crime (CWC) in Southern Africa Activity in the region:

  1. World Wildlife Fund US (WWF-US) -Kavango-Zambezi Landscape and Northwest Namibia
  2. International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW)- Malawi-Zambia Transfrontier Landscape
  3. WWF South Africa - Great Limpopo Transfrontier Landscape
  4. Sustainable Agricultural Technology -Lowveld areas of Zimbabwe linked to the Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area
  5. Lowveld Rhino Trust - Lowveld areas of Zimbabwe linked to the Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area


The African elephant and rhinoceros are among the iconic species in Africa, with great ecological and socioeconomic values. These species are however, facing the risk of extinction if predisposing anthropogenic threats, such as poaching and illegal wildlife trade are not curbed. According to the most recent continent-wide survey results, the elephant populations in survey areas with historical data decreased by an estimated 144,000 from 2007 to 2014, and an estimated 352,271 of the savannah elephants are currently shrinking by 8% per year continent-wide, primarily due to poaching (Chase et al. (2016). 

Poaching of elephants is rapidly evolving from primarily targeting the larger adults with the biggest tusks, such as the oldest bulls, which have the highest reproductive success, and the matriarchs (the oldest adult females that provide the social glue in elephant herds) to indiscriminate taking of even animals with relatively small tusks, especially in populations that have already been severely impacted by poaching. A combination of targeted and indiscriminate poaching is severely disrupting the social structure of maternal families and hierarchy of breeding bulls, disrupting the age and sex ratios, and reducing the breeding success of the elephants, thus, rendering them more vulnerable to extinction risk.

Similarly, the rhino population (both black, Diceros bicornis and white, Ceratotherium simum) have been hit hard by poachers, with more than 1,000 rhinos killed each year between 2013 and 2017 in South Africa, where currently it is estimated that there are between 5,366 to 5,627 black rhinos, and between 19,666 and 21,085 white rhinoceros.The Africam elephant and rhino are, therefore, facing an uncertain future and are places at risk by demand for ivory and rhino horn despite the evidence of the declining prices of these commodities. For instance, according to a recent report by Wildaid, wholesale rhino horn prices had declined by 50% in China and Vietnam from USD65,000/kg in 2012-14 to USD30-35,000/kg in 2015 with possible further declines to prices as low as USD14,500/kg in Viet Nam in 2016. The price of ivory in markets across China has also fallen by two-thirds since 2014, from USD2,100 to USD730. This decrease has been attributed to the existing ban in China and more recently instituted in Viet Nam. Irrespective of the declines in the price of rhino horn and ivory, the black market for these items is extensive, and will continue to negatively impact on the elephant and rhino populations in the region.

Innovative tactics are therefore required to both curb poaching and disrupt illegal trade in ivory, rhino horn and other wildlife products, such as lion bone, and pangolin scales. This need is urgent, because illegal wildlife trade not only erodes biodiversity, but also impoverishes natural resource-dependent communities in the SADC region, where between 40% and 85% of the citizens live in rural areas where they depend on natural resources for survival and robs nations of their wealth.

According to the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), wildlife tourism represents 80% of the total annual sales of trips to Africa, with wildlife-viewing safaris being the most popular product. For instance, wildlife-based tourism contributes about 11.5 %, 11.7%, and 8.9% to the national GDPs of Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa, respectively. 


USAID’s VukaNow Activity: Combating Wildlife Crime in Southern Africa Grants Under Contract Activity aims to support organisations to disrupt, mitigate, and reduce wildlife crime in eight SADC countries (Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe).

Grant activities funded by UVN must meet the following general criteria:

  • Grants must promote the overall goal of UVN and further one or more of the specific objectives of UVN, as described above in Section IA;
  • Execution of grant activities must take place in Southern Africa in one or more areas of UVN’s geographic focus (Section IA);
  • Grant activities shall be results oriented or performance based, emphasizing achieving results that are relevant and technically sound; show a clear relationship between tasks, milestones, and payment; contain verifiable results; and can be measured by means of verifiable indicators;
  • Grant activities may be related to an organization’s primary objective or may be related to a special function of an organization that is otherwise largely dedicated to other objectives;
  • Grants will cover only necessary and allowable costs linked to the execution of the activity, such as program staff salaries, consultant fees, training, meetings and seminars, publications, purchase and/or rental of equipment, office and travel expenses, and other direct costs. The specific costs to be funded must conform to the USAID guidelines for funding activities;
  • Activities that focus on engaging with the private sector or leveraging partnerships, influencing behavior change and/or harnessing data, among other innovative approaches, will be prioritized.

 The following are illustrative activities that will be considered under this APS. Other ideas and activities that provide innovative and collaborative actions to combat wildlife crime are equally welcome and will be prioritized.

  • Innovations and new technologies approaches and models to combating wildlife crime;
  • Activities that promote/ foster collaboration and learning across two or more entities that may benefit from working together to combat wildlife crime;
  • Activities that help create and promote opportunities for inclusion of women, youth and other marginalized groups that reduces wildlife crime;
  • Activities that disseminate knowledge and increase understanding of the dynamics of and ways to disrupt wildlife crime, including specific trafficking routes in the region;
  • Activities that increase awareness of wildlife crime and behavior change that supports the reduction in wildlife crime;
  • Activities that support data collection, data analysis and the harnessing of data to disrupt, mitigate and reduce wildlife crime;
  • Activities that increase transboundary and regional collaboration to combat wildlife crime;
  • Activities that improve transparency and reporting on wildlife crime and that increase use of actionable information that deters wildlife crime; and
  • Activities that increase sharing of information that results in effective detection and prosecution of wildlife crime, as well as strengthening/improving platforms for information sharing to maintain the integrity and chain of custody of the information.
  • Activities that focus on engaging with the private sector or leveraging partnerships, influencing behavior change and/or harnessing data, among other innovative approaches, will be prioritized.


UVN grant awards are made under the authority of the U.S. Foreign Affairs Act and USAID’s Automated Directive System (ADS) 302.3.5.6, “Grants Under Contracts.” Awards made to non-U.S. organizations will adhere to guidance provided under ADS Chapter 303, “Grants and Cooperative Agreements to Non-Governmental Organizations” and will be within the terms of the USAID Standard Provisions as linked in the annexes, as well as the VukaNow  grants procedures.

ADS 303 references two additional regulatory documents issued by the U.S. Government’s Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the U.S. Agency for International Development:
- 2 CFR 200 Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards, Subpart E (U.S. applicants are subject to 2 CFR 200 in its entirety)
- 2 CFR 700, USAID’s Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards (only applicable to U.S. Applicants)
Full text of 2 CFR 200 can be found at and 2 CFR 700 at UVN is required to ensure that all organizations receiving USAID grant funds comply with the guidance found in these circulars, as applicable to the respective terms and conditions of their grant awards.

Under the UVN grant program, USAID always retains the right to terminate, in whole or in part, UVN grant-making authorities.


UVN anticipates that each grant award may range from between USD 10 000 to USD 70 000, with the final amount dependent upon grant activities and final negotiation and may be lower or higher than that range. The type of grant (standard, simplified or fixed amount award) will be determined during the negotiation process.



  • Applicants must be a registered local, regional or international not-for-profit or for-profit entity legally registered under the laws of a SADC member country, recognized by and in good standing with appropriate authorities, and compliant with all applicable civil and fiscal regulations.
  • Applicants must be able to demonstrate successful past performance in implementation of integrated development programs related to UVN’s focus areas.
  • Applicants must have established outreach capabilities with linkages to the beneficiary group(s) identified in the program description. This should be reflected by the incorporation of the beneficiary perspective in the application.
  • Applicants must display sound management in the form of financial, administrative, and technical policies and procedures and present a system of internal controls that safeguard assets; protect against fraud, waste, and abuse; and support the achievement of program goals and objectives. UNV will assess this capability prior to awarding a grant.
  • Additionally, applicants must sign the required certifications prior to receiving a grant. The certifications are attached to this solicitation for information purposes only. UVN will review the certifications with applicants selected for grant awards.

For any grant award(s) resulting from this solicitation will be required to provide a Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number at the time of award. If the applicant already has a DUNS number, it should be included in their application. Otherwise, applicants will be expected to get a DUNS number before an award is made. UVN will assist successful applicants with this process. DUNS numbers can be obtained online at

The project will work with the successful grantee to draft a marking and branding plan which will be annexed to the grant agreement.

UVN encourages applications from new organizations who meet the above eligibility criteria.

For the APS containing the application instructions and the associated documents, please follow the DropBox link below: . All applications with supporting documents should be submitted to  close of business 17.00 local time (South Africa).

UVN and Chemonics employees cannot ask for, and applicants are prohibited from offering, any money, fee, commission, credit, gift, gratuity, thing of value, or compensation to obtain or reward improper favorable treatment regarding this solicitation. Any improper request from a UVN employee should be reported to the chief of party or .

The following Annexes are included with this APS:
Annex A – Grant Concept Paper Template
Annex B – Grant Budget Template
Annex C – Implementations Plan Timeline Template
Annex D – Required Certifications.  To be completed and submitted only by selected grantees prior to grant award. (These required certifications are provided at this time for informational purposes only.)
Annex E – Mandatory and Required as Applicable Standard Provisions
Standard Provisions for Non-U.S. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) receiving a fixed amount award can be accessed through the following URL:
Standard Provisions for Non-U.S., Nongovernmental recipients receiving all other types of grants can be accessed through the following URL:


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