Terms of Reference: A Review of Violence Against Children in South Africa

Save the Children South Africa
Please note: this opportunity closing date has passed and may not be available any more.
Opportunity closing date: 
Friday, 29 May, 2015
Opportunity type: 
Call for proposals

The purpose of the consultancy is to undertake a review and analysis of main research reports on violence against children in South Africa, and to identify the key cross-cutting and systemic issues that have been identified in these reports.

Save the Children South Africa is part of the world’s largest independent development and rights based organisation for children, represented in over 120 countries worldwide. The organisation helps children beat deadly illnesses like pneumonia and diarrhoea. The organisation makes sure it gets the food they need to survive and grow up healthy. When disasters strike, they are there saving lives.

Save the Children South Africa is calling for proposals for its Terms of Reference: A Review of Violence Against Children in South Africa.

South Africa has been described as one of the most violent countries in the world. The National Injury Mortality Surveillance System (NIMMs) data for 2008 record that nearly a third (32%) of all deaths were due to violence. With such high rates of violence occurring, it is no surprise that violence against children is common.

There were 827 children murdered in South Africa in 2012/13. Added to that is the 21 575 children who were assaulted, with almost half of those assaults being severe. More than half (52%) of all reported crimes against children were sexual in nature. In 2011/2012 most reported crimes against children involved children between the ages of 15 to 17 years (55% of murders, 60% of attempted murders, 71% of assault with grievous bodily harm, 63% of common assault and 40% of sexual offences). However, 61% of the children who endured sexual offences were under the age of 15 years and over a quarter (29%) were between 0 and 10 years.

These high levels of violence, abuse and exploitation of children nevertheless do not reflect the full extent of the problem because many cases go unreported. The situation is exacerbated by the broader public, whose attitudes and beliefs are generally marked by tolerance of violence against children and acceptance of the notion that child maltreatment cannot be prevented. Children in South Africa face routine violence (including corporal punishment) at the hands of their parents, teachers and peers, a situation especially true of younger children, those in poorer communities and those living in the predominantly rural former homelands. Violence has long-lasting consequences for children, with evidence of a link between childhood violence and adult mental health disorders and substance abuse.

The Constitution, laws and policies have brought about important policy changes that address the factors that encouraged violence during apartheid, one of the contributing factors that led to South Africa being a violent nations, as numerous research reports suggest. Government has also made important strides in equalising access to services, ranging from protective services such as the police, through social services and infrastructure. However, there are still gaps as the way people think and act has not changed and children continue to be vulnerable.
 
Purpose and objectives

The purpose of the consultancy is to undertake a review and analysis of main research reports on violence against children in South Africa, and to identify the key cross-cutting and systemic issues that have been identified in these reports.

This study will inform SCSA’s advocacy initiatives around violence on children in South Africa. Specific objectives for the research will be to:

  • Review all research reports or outputs on violence against children in South Africa over the last 20 years
  • Review of advocacy initiatives around VAC in South Africa and any type of evaluation on their impact.
  • Identify all crosscutting systemic issues, challenges, and gaps in the existing literature in order to consolidate into key themes that will inform Save the Children South Africa’s advocacy efforts on violence against children
  • Conduct a comparative review of violence against children in at least one country where there are high levels of inequality and compare this with the South African situation. The emphasis should be placed on advocacy initiatives and other related systems in place to address violence against children in this country, and not a mere report of country statistics.

  Scope of the consultancy

The scope of the consultancy will include (but not limited to):

  • Literature review on violence against children in South Africa;
  • Consultations at local, provincial and national level to provide a deeper understanding of the key issues and current responses;
  • Consultations and/or focus group discussions with children which may be facilitated through help of SCSA children’s committees;
  • Analysis of local societal norms and values around children as articulated in research reports.

Methodology:

  • Review literature from both national and international sources (including, but not limited to, reports, peer review publications, chapters, etc.) relating to violence against children in South Africa;
  • Review of literature on violence in at least one country with similar levels of inequality as South Africa with specific focus on advocacy initiatives and other related systems in place to address violence against children in this country.

Expected Required Outputs consisting of (25 pages in total):

  • Analytical report outlining the key and systemic issues on violence against children, with recommendations that will help Save the Children South Africa conceptualise and design its advocacy strategy.
  • Review of advocacy initiatives around violence against children in South Africa and evaluation on their impact (roughly 20 pages between output 1 & 2).
  • A report comparing violence against children in South Africa with one country that has high levels of inequality (roughly 5 pages.

Project Management

The Consultant, or team of consultants, is responsible for overall management of the project, including designing and conducting the research, drafting the report and debriefing the project team and key stakeholders. The Consultant(s) will liaise with Save the Children throughout the process, providing regular updates on the design and implementation of the research, and seeking their input and advice where necessary. The Consultant(s) will report to the Head of Advocacy and Campaigns and include technical inputs from the Programme Manager for Child Protection of SCSA.

Save the Children is responsible for overseeing the Consultant by managing the consultancy contract; monitoring adherence to specified deadlines; facilitating access to required information, resources and contacts; providing feedback on drafts of the tools and report; sharing the finalised report with all relevant stakeholders not in attendance at the debriefing.
 
Required skills and experience of the prospective consultant

The consultant(s) should possess the following as a minimum:

  • Experience in conducting research.
  • Good analytical and writing skills.
  • Extensive experience in and working with the children’s sector.
  • A thorough understanding of the legal framework which governs child rights in South Africa and globally.
  • Willingness to sign and abide by Save the Children’s child safeguarding code of conduct.

Duration of the Assignment and Agreement

The assignment is expected to take 15 working days to complete. A detailed timeframe will be agreed upon selection of the Consultant(s).
 
Submission and Evaluation of Proposals

All proposals should be submitted by email to asipondo@savethechildren.org.za by close of business on Friday 29 May 2015. Please ensure that the subject line states “Proposal – Analysis of Violence against Children in South Africa”.

Proposals must not exceed two pages and should include the following:

  • Proposed approach to the research
  • Outline budget

Please also submit a detailed CV(s) clearly indicating previous experience on similar assignments and two examples reports written within the past two years.

For more about Save the Children South Africa, refer to www.savethechildren.org.za.

To view other opportunities, refer to www.ngopulse.org/group/home-page/other-opportunities.

Location: 
Pretoria

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