Interview with Mohamed Somane Abdi, MSF Assistant Project Coordinator, Marere, southern Somalia.
The drought has affected us badly. Marere used to be a farming area but there has been no harvest now for more than two years. You can see the effects of the drought right here in our hospital, where numbers of patients in our inpatient feeding centre have doubled.
Last night, 80 under-fives with severe malnutrition stayed in the hospital, while we were treating a further 443 children as outpatients.
"Hunger and destitution..."
There are many others who are simply in the hospital because they have nothing to eat and nowhere else to go.
They are malnourished and destitute, and they come here to be fed and to be treated – free of charge, of course.
There is a lot of hunger and destitution as a result of the drought.
The past two weeks have seen increasing numbers of children coming to the hospital in a bad state. Most have travelled very long distances, which has only made their situation worse.
Some of the severely malnourished children have bodies so swollen you’d think they were about to burst.
"We didn’t give up..."
We rescued one young boy, who was just one year old, from the town of Dinsor, 160 km from the hospital.
We sent our car to collect the child and his mother, and when he was brought to the hospital he was in an unbelievable state: he had swelled up and most of his skin had cracked as a result of the malnutrition.
As you can imagine, his mother was not expecting much, but we didn’t give up on him.
It is now four weeks since we brought him here and his skin is healing, the swelling has subsided and he is healthy and very happy. His mother is over the moon, as any mother would be.
And this child is not alone; we see so many cases like this every day that I can’t even remember all of their names.
"The hospital is overflowing with patients..."
We are also seeing severely malnourished pregnant women in our maternity department. On top of that, we are seeing between 250 and 300 people – not including children – in our outpatient department every day, most of whom are malnourished.
Unfortunately, many also come to us with secondary illnesses, to which malnutrition has made them particularly susceptible.
In the hospital, the other departments are also overflowing with patients. In the 30-bed inpatient department, we have 43 patients, 23 of whom are under five. And in our TB department we have another 131 patients.
"You hear stories of parents having to leave their children..." We also have outreach centres in the area, where we are currently treating 112 children under the age of five.
In a town 38 km from our hospital, we have another outreach centre where 50 under-fives are receiving treatment.
One of the many places our teams visit is Jilib, which is 18 km away, where there is a camp with more than 1 400 internally displaced people, most of them women and young children.
When you speak to the mothers and the few fathers there, you hear stories of parents having to leave their children on the side of the road because they were too malnourished and weak to walk any further.
"We are the only help they have..."
We are the only help they have – there are no other groups or organisations helping these people. When we go there we act both as a clinic and a feeding centre.
Recently MSF handed out plastic sheets for making temporary homes, mosquito nets, because the area is filled with mosquitoes, and soap, to more than 1 201 families.
Now they have some protection from the heat of the sun and the chills of the night, and can rest in the shade without mosquitoes feeding off them.
"People come from far away for help..."
Our hospital here in Marere is a large one, and we do much more than just treating patients. We assist in any other way we can and, because people hear about what we doing, the numbers increase and people come from far away for help.
MSF is the only help here, and we help everyone, no matter what. If MSF wasn’t here, the situation would be extremely dire.
It’s possible that no one would be left alive, as all those that could escape would have run away and the rest would simply have perished.
For more about Médecins Sans Frontières, refer to www.msf.org.
This week, Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) has sent medical teams and four charter planes carrying 55 tons of medical equipment, medicines and therapeutic food to Mogadishu in response to the crisis in Somalia. In the past weeks, an estimated 100 000 people have fled from south and central Somalia to the capital to seek assistance. They are settling in numerous camps in and around Mogadishu, with little or no access to health care.
MSF has started measles vaccination campaigns in dozens of makeshift camps where thousands of people have gathered after fleeing the exceptional drought and the violence in other parts of the country. Almost 3 000 children were vaccinated so far.
Around 1 000 children have been screened for malnutrition. More than half of them were indeed malnourished.
“MSF is extremely worried about the situation of the displaced. The situation is critical. MSF has begun reinforcing its operations in Mogadishu and is assessing areas around the capital in order to adequately respond to this crisis,” said Dr Unni Karunakara, International President of MSF.
Through a mobile clinic, MSF staff provides medical care to around 100 patients daily. The teams are also distributing relief items, such as hygiene materials and plastic sheeting for temporary shelter.
Since years MSF has been providing medical care in the capital, through health facilities in Daynile and Darkheley where more than 370 medical consultations were provided last week. To address the increasing medical needs, MSF will open inpatient therapeutic feeding centres, a measles treatment unit as well as a 50-beds cholera treatment centre in Mogadishu in the coming days.
MSF has worked continuously in Somalia since 1991 and currently provides free medical care in eight regions. Over 1 400 Somali staff, supported by approximately 100 staff in Nairobi, provide free primary healthcare, surgery, treatment for malnutrition, as well as support to displaced people through health care, water supply and relief items distributions in nine locations in south and central Somalia.
MSF is also providing medical care to Somali refugees in Kenya (Dagahaley and Ifo camps) and Ethiopia (Liben). In Dagahaley camp, MSF is the sole provider of medical care for the 130 000 people and currently treating 6 400 children for malnutrition. In Ifo, MSF provides medical care to the 25 000 refugees gathered on the outskirts of the camp. In Liben, MSF is providing medical care in the six camps where 119 000 refugees are gathered. Here, more than 10 000 children are enrolled in nutritional programmes.
For more about Médecins Sans Frontières, refer to www.msf.org.