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  • More ICT4D Please!

    This is a response to a blog post published last week by Eric Hersman, also known as the @WhiteAfrican - The Subtle Condescension of “ICT4D”.

    I have been involved in a range of ICT4D issues in South Africa and beyond over the course of the 11 years I have worked for SANGONeT. Last week we hosted the 7th annual SANGONeT “ICT for Civil Society” conference in Johannesburg which focused on ICTs for rural development (ICT4RD) in Africa under the theme “Rural Realities, Real Solutions”. It is these experiences that compel me to comment on the mentioned article and respond to some of the issues Hersman raises.

    Hersman begins his article with the statement:

    “I have cognitive dissonance over the term “ICT4D“. The term “ICT4D” is confusing, hypocritical and has a whiff of condescension that makes me cringe. As I understand it, it’s what NGO’s do in places like Africa and Asia, but if the same things are done in poor communities in the US or Europe, it’s not called ICT4D, it’s called civil society innovation or a disruptive product.”

    It is not so much what (the ICT4D issue) Hersman raises in the article - although the relevance, success and impact of ICT4D initiatives in Africa should be assessed in a critical manner - but rather, how and from which position he raises these issues.

    Confronting and responding to Africa's development challenges, and technology’s role within this, is a complex and definitely not light hearted issue. Raising these issues for the sake of “testing the waters” or getting people worked up does not make sense to me. Especially if you as the author of the article is a perfect example of what ICT4D in Africa represents - coming up with great ideas which attract funding support and ultimately result in opportunities to contribute to meaningful and longterm development - or - just opportunities to “do things in the name of development” without fully understanding the issues to be addressed of the longterm commitment required to ensure meaningful impact.

    For someone who has been very prominent in the African ICT4D space, Eric Hersman’s role and contribution definitely fit into the former and not latter scenario.

    Development is also not simply a term “owned” by international agencies and other stakeholders to motivate and justify their presence in and support to Africa – it refers to improvement, empowerment, progress, innovation, etc. It is about moving to something better and more meaningful than what the current situation represents.

    From an “international development perspective”, it is no longer what you can do for Africa but rather what you can do with Africa in support of the needs and aspirations articulated by Africans. Any different perspective on the role of international development support is problematic, to say the least.

    Technology has an important role to play in the future development and prosperity of the continent. It contributes to economic growth and innovation on the one side, and supports efforts that address Africa’s historical development challenges on the other.

    These two issues represent different sides to the same coin – but often require very different approaches, and different roleplayers, to achieve the desirable objectives.

    Whatever you prefer to call technology is irrelevant - IT / ICT / ICT4D / ICT4RD / M4D/ Tech4Dev, etc. What really matters is the intent, the objectives and the motivation for using it.

    But, technology for technology’s stake is downright stupid.

    Too many technology for development projects and interventions fail because of the emphasis on the technology without understanding the development issue/s and/or what it would take to ensure the implementation of the technology will ultimately achieve success and impact. Too many technology competitions, awards and challenges place too much focus on the development of “more new tools” rather on what has been achieved.

    Hersman also asks the following question:

    “If an ICT4D-type project is done in a poor part of America, is it still considered ICT4D?”

    In my opinion the answer is – no! Why? Because if a First World country - with all the necessary technology and resources at its disposal - wastes its resources on meaningless external political objectives, while allowing a morally bankrupt financial system to cripple its economy, and as a result of all of this, neglects the needs of its own people, then you can’t compare it to the historical situation and development challenges which characterise many African countries.

    Africa has also wasted many opportunities over the past few decades to improve its socio-economic situation. There is no excuse for this and sadly, future generations will continue to suffer from this. However, this does not mean that the international community should turn their backs on Africa or use it as an excuse to disengage from the continent. It should also not be a reason to think about Africa as a great place to go test and showcase technology not relevant to the needs of the continent or to make a quick buck out of the misery of others. There is no place for these practices anywhere and they definitely have nothing to contribute to either the development or ICT4D objectives of the continent.

    We need home-grown technology innovation to stimulate and drive economic growth which will impact the African economy at large. This will result in competitive and sustainable businesses, profits, job creation, etc.

    We also need home-grown technology innovation to support efforts aimed at addressing social development challenges such as health, education, etc. facing the continent – so called ICT4D interventions and applications.

    But while technology is the common factor, the enabling environment, support structures and related issues in dealing with these two imperatives are very different.

    In recent years, a number of African countries, particularly Kenya, South Africa and others, have developed a reputation for technology innovation and success - both in terms of big mainstream businesses (e.g. MTN, etc.) as well as small, dynamic, technology start-ups. Often the latter initiatives evolve without any special government, investment or regulatory support.

    However, big IT business and small start-ups alone will not ensure that all Africans benefit from the potential contribution and impact of technology. Other interventions are also required.

    Governments, international development agencies, the private sector and other stakeholders continue to commit millions of dollars to technology for development – so called ICT4D – projects in Africa. Many international conferences (e.g. annual SANGONeT conference), reports, publications, panels of experts, etc. also continue to focus on ICT4D issues.

    Are all these efforts a total waste of money? Why would Eric Hersman be cynical about these efforts or what they are collectively referred to if his own claim to fame – Ushahidi, etc – is build, maintained, celebrated, supported and rolled-out all over the world with funding from various key international institutions.

    I call this hypocritical.

    Hersman should know better than to articulate these sentiments in a way that sounds condescending and patronising, especially while he presents himself as the "White African" committed to helping Africa through the power of technology innovation.

    It is true that the impact of many ICT4D initiatives is sometimes difficult to determine and their scale and scope often are too limited to have meaningful impact. However, questioning their overall intent is hugely problematic! What needs to be questioned is their focus, objectives and ultimately, impact. Africa’s development challenges remain significant, and will take many more generations to address. If technology is one of the vehicles to achieve this objective, then more should be done to nurture and expand its contribution and impact – by both local and international stakeholders.

    The fact that the majority of people on the African continent today have access to a mobile phone unfortunately does not represent development and empowerment. It is a remarkable achievement, but more needs to be done for the full potential of ICTs to impact the lives of all Africans.

    As highlighted in the draft National Development Plan released by South Africa’s National Planning Commission (NPC) last week, “Despite the uptake of mobile phones, growth in SA's ICT sector has not brought affordable, universal access to a full range of communications services.”

    That is the real challenge.

    Finally, there are now a billion people living on the African continent. Their future is closely intertwined. The success and failure of some will have a direct bearing on others. We all need to do more in ensuring a better life for all on this continent.

    Many Africans go the extra mile every day in responding to the challenges facing us. They don't do it to win awards or be famous, but just to make a difference in the lives of others.

    There is also more than one real “White African” serious about making a contribution to the future of this continent.

  • GSMA Establishes Office in Nairobi to Support Burgeoning African Telecoms Market

    Mobile Connections in Sub-Saharan Africa Increase 20 Per Cent to 500 Million in 2013 and Are Expected to Increase by an Additional 50 Per Cent by 2018

    The GSMA today announced that it has opened a permanent office in Nairobi, Kenya. The office will be based in the heart of Nairobi’s Innovation Hub (iHub) for the technology community and will enable the GSMA to work even more closely with its members and other industry stakeholders to extend the reach and socio-economic benefits of mobile throughout Africa.

    “It is an exciting time to launch our new office in Africa, as the region is an increasingly vibrant and critical market for the mobile industry, representing over 10 per cent of the global market,” said Anne Bouverot, Director General, GSMA. “The rapid pace of mobile adoption has delivered an explosion of innovation and huge economic benefits in the region, directly contributing US$ 32 billion to the Sub-Saharan African economy, or 4.4 per cent of GDP. With necessary spectrum allocations and transparent regulation, the mobile industry could also fuel the creation of 14.9 million new jobs in the region between 2015 and 2020.”

    According to the latest GSMA’s Wireless Intelligence data, total mobile connections in Sub-Saharan Africa passed the 500 million mark in Q1 2013, increasing by about 20 per cent year-on-year. Connections are expected to grow by a further 50 per cent, or 250 million connections, over the next five years which requires greater regulatory certainty to foster investment and release of additional harmonised spectrum for mobile.

    The region currently accounts for about two-thirds of connections in Africa but the amount of spectrum allocated to mobile services in Africa is among the lowest worldwide. Governments in Sub-Saharan Africa risk undermining their broadband and development goals unless more spectrum is made available. In particular, the release of the Digital Dividend spectrum – which has the ideal characteristics for delivering mobile broadband, particularly to rural populations – should be a priority.

    The region also has some of the highest levels of mobile internet usage globally. In Zimbabwe and Nigeria, mobile accounts for over half of all web traffic at 58.1 per cent and 57.9 per cent respectively, compared to a 10 per cent global average. 3G penetration levels are forecast to reach a quarter of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa by 2017 (from six per cent in 2012) as the use of mobile-specific services develops.

    However, despite the high number of connections, rapid growth and mobile internet usage, mobile penetration among individuals remains relatively low. Fewer than 250 million people had subscribed to a mobile service in the region, putting unique subscriber penetration at 30 per cent, meaning that more than two-thirds of the population have yet to acquire their first mobile phone. Clearly, there is an important opportunity for the mobile industry to bring connectivity, access to information and services to the people in this region.

    The mobile industry contributes approximately 3.5 million full-time jobs in the region. This has also spurred a wave of technology and content innovation with more than 50 ‘innovation hubs’ created to develop local skills and content in the field of ICT services, including the Limbe Labs in Cameroon, the iHub in Kenya and Hive Colab in Uganda.

    Of particular note is the role of Kenya as the global leader in mobile money transfer services via M-PESA, a service launched by the country’s largest mobile operator Safaricom in 2007. What started as a simple way to extend banking services to the unbanked citizens of Kenya has now evolved into a mobile payment system based on accounts held by the operator, with transactions authorised and recorded in real time using secure SMS. Since its launch, M-PESA has grown to reach 15 million registered users and contributes 18 per cent of Safaricom’s total revenue.

    To support this huge increase in innovation, the mobile industry has invested around US$ 16.5 billion over the past five years (US$ 2.8 billion in 2011 alone) across the five key countries in the region, mainly directed towards the expansion of network capacity. At the same time, given the exponential growth, Sub-Saharan Africa faces a looming ‘capacity and coverage crunch’ in terms of available mobile spectrum and the GSMA is working with operators and governments to address this critical issue.

    GSMA research has found that by releasing the Digital Dividend and 2.6GHz spectrum by 2015, the governments of Sub-Saharan Africa could increase annual GDP by US$82 billion by 2025 and annual government tax revenues by US$18 billion and add up to 27 million jobs by 2025. In many Sub-Saharan African countries, mobile broadband is the only possible route to deliver the Internet to citizens and the current spectrum allocations across the region generally lag behind those of other countries.

    “A positive and supportive regulatory environment and sufficient spectrum allocation is critical to the further growth of mobile in Africa,” continued Ms. Bouverot. “I am confident that now that we have a physical presence in Africa, we will be able to work together with our members to put the conditions in place that will facilitate the expansion of mobile, bringing important connectivity and services to all in the region.”

    - ENDS –

    Notes to Editors:

    iHub is Nairobi’s Innovation Hub for the technology community, which is an open space for the technologists, investors, tech companies and hackers in the area. This space is a tech community facility with a focus on young entrepreneurs, web and mobile phone programmers, designers and researchers. It is part open community workspace (co-working), part vector for investors and VCs and part incubator. More information can be found here: http://www.ihub.co.ke/about

    About the GSMA

    The GSMA represents the interests of mobile operators worldwide. Spanning more than 220 countries, the GSMA unites nearly 800 of the world’s mobile operators with more than 230 companies in the broader mobile ecosystem, including handset makers, software companies, equipment providers and Internet companies, as well as organisations in industry sectors such as financial services, healthcare, media, transport and utilities. The GSMA also produces industry-leading events such as the Mobile World Congress and Mobile Asia Expo. 

    Media Contacts:

    Charlie Meredith-Hardy
    +44 (0)7810 050 576
    CMeredith-Hardy@webershandwick.com

    GSMA Press Office
    press@gsma.com

    For more about the GSMA, refer to www.gsma.com or Mobile World Live, the online portal for the mobile communications industry, at www.mobileworldlive.com.

    To view other NGO press releases, refer to www.ngopulse.org/group/home-page/pressreleases.

    Date published: 
    15/05/2013
    Organisation: 
    GSMA
  • 3 Million Poor in Africa and South Asia to Gain Access to Mobile Phone Numbers

    Three million people living in poverty in Africa and South Asia - around 75 percent of them women - will gain access to low-cost mobile phones identities and mobile phone numbers following United Kingdom-based technology firm Movirtu’s commitment made today to the Business Call to Action (BCtA).

    BCtA is a global initiative supported by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), among other international organizations, which aims to encourage private sector efforts to fight poverty.

    Instead of sharing a phone number with family members or neighbours, those provided with a Movirtu cloud phone number will be able to use any mobile phone to log in with their own unique number to make and receive individual calls and access critical information and services such as banking or agriculture support.

    “Evidence shows that access to mobile communications is a way of improving lives and expanding the earning potential of one billion people living on $1-2 a day,” said Amanda Gardiner, BCtA Acting Program Manager.

    “By providing low-income communities with access to secure mobile accounts and identities, Movirtu is helping to bridge the divide between those that have easy access to mobile phones and those that rely on community phones or paying a borrower’s premium to friends to meet their communication needs,” Gardiner added.

    The company plans to bring the phone technology to at least12 markets in Africa and South Asia by early 2013, giving at least 50 million people in both continents access to the technology, with a target of 3 million using it on a regular basis.

    A unique personal mobile identity will allow users to access network applications that provide information about employment opportunities, promote access to mobile payment systems or banking services, and help keep users up-to-date on a variety of health and market topics.

    “It is a basic fact not everyone in the world can afford their own mobile phone,” said Ramona Liberoff, Executive Vice President of Marketing, Strategy and Planning at Movirtu. “With Movirtu’s Cloud Phone™ technology, we give shared phone users their own mobile identity, opening up the world of mobile banking and payments and customised information services. Our goal is to increase the earning potential of those on $1-2 a day by saving money and allowing them to access the economic benefits of a full mobile identity today.”

    Women in rural communities in South Asia and sub-Saharan African will be the main beneficiaries of Movirtu’s investment. Low-income women in these regions are up to 21 percent less likely to have mobile phone access than a man, according to global mobile operator association GSMA.

    Movirtu’s phones will help approximately 2.4 million women close that gap and gain access to private mobile identities which will improve the security and ease with which women can complete basic communication and financial transactions.

    On average, Movirtu phone customers save an estimated US$60 a year on phone charges incurred from shared phones.

    Movirtu has been piloting the phones in Africa. The first market entry point is in Madagascar where over 8,000 points of sale had access to the Movirtu cloud phone. On August 1, the program was launched to cover all 22 regions of the island by Madagascar’s largest mobile phone operator Airtel. Additional country launches will be announced later this year.

    About the Business Call to Action (BCtA)
     
    Business Call to Action (BCtA) is a global initiative that seeks to challenge companies to develop inclusive business models that offer the potential for development impact along with commercial success. The initiative is the result of a partnership between the United Nations Development Programme, the UN Global Compact, the Governments of Australia, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States, the Clinton Global Initiative and the International Business Leaders Forum to meet the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. www.businesscalltoaction.org

    About Movirtu

    Movirtu is a leading provider of mobile identity solutions to wireless telecommunication service providers. Its award winning Cloud PhoneTM software already enables mobile operators to service the 1 billion people who earn less than $2 a day, living in rural poor communities in Sub-Sahara Africa and South Asia. Movirtu's solutions also bring mobile banking services and personalized information services to those without a handset, SIM card or bank account . Demand for Cloud PhoneTM applications extends to the 1 billion people who own more than two SIM cards living in developed markets. Movirtu is a private company, headquartered in London with offices in Johannesburg and Delhi. www.movirtu.com.
     
    For more information, please contact:

    Movirtu: Julia Simonova Lopez, Julia@movirtu.com
    Tel: +44 20 7043 1131

    BCtA: Lorin Kavanaugh-Ulku, lorin.kavanaugh-ulku@undpaffiliates.org
    Tel: +1 703-587-3219

    To view other NGO press releases, visit: www.ngopulse.org/group/home-page/pressreleases.

    Date published: 
    04/08/2011
    Organisation: 
    Movirtu
  • Southern African Internet Governance Forum - Call for Expression of Interest

    The Association for Progressive Communications (APC), NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NEPAD Agency) and Southern African NGO Network (SANGONeT) will convene a Southern African Internet Governance Forum (SAIGF) from 1-3 September 2011 in Johannesburg, South Africa.

    The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was established in 2006 as a direct result of the United Nations World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Phase II, held from 16-18 November 2005 in Tunis, Tunisia. The World Summit recognised the importance and benefits of “enhanced cooperation” in harnessing the powers of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for socio-economic development at all levels - global, regional, national and local. 

    The mandate of the IGF is not to be a decision-making body, but to offer a valuable space for dialogue for all those who have an important role and responsibility in the development of the Information Society to discuss Internet governance issues, and allows participants to share practical experiences from different perspectives. It is a multi-stakeholder mechanism which includes Governments, international organisations, the private sector, civil society, academics, the technical community, and others with a view to encouraging policy dialogue.

    The original mandate of the IGF was from 2006-2010 during which five IGFs were held in various countries. A renewed mandate has been provided for 2011-2015, and from 27-30 September 2011 Kenya will host the sixth IGF and first under the new mandate.

    The aims of the SAIGF is to ensure that the views and voices of Southern Africa are represented at the 2011 IGF and to contribute to the establishment of a coordinated and coherent framework for dealing with Internet governance issues in Southern Africa. The SAIGF will identify, deliberate upon, and collate issues relating to the Internet, its governance and development in Southern Africa, and document suggested interventions for addressing such issues.

    If you are interested in attending the SAIGF, please complete the “Expression of Interest”.

    Participation is free of charge, but will be limited to 120 delegates.

    Limited funding for travel is available to support the participation of delegates, but preference will be given to those who can demonstrate commitment by meeting some of the cost.

    The deadline for submissions of "Expression of Interest" is Friday, 5 August 2011.

  • Keeping Kids Safe On the Go

    No one in South Africa needs to be told how much we love our mobile phones. You only need to walk down the street to see everyone, from all walks of life, talking, texting, tweeting, facebooking and listening to music on their mobile phones. Apparently there is more active SIMs in South Africa than there are people!

    For kids growing up today, this mobile digital world is not the new normal. It is the only normal. This gives the youth massive opportunities and advantages over previous generations. From keeping in touch, to making calls in an emergency, to meeting likeminded individuals, to supporting causes, to researching homework…. the list is long. But on the other hand, unfettered access to digital communications opens them up to a range of dangers as well. Add into the mix that parents today didn’t grow up with mobile phones and other technology in the same way that their children are doing and you’ve got a pretty wide digital generation gap. The kids know all about living with technology, but parents still need to guide, protect and nurture their children, even if they find the technology overwhelming.

    In fact, a study from UNISA’s Youth Research Unit that was released in May 2011 reported that 21% of the high school learners surveyed said that people had started unwanted conversations about sex with them online. 14% were worried about online harassment, and nearly 6% said they had been encouraged to run away from home. The study doesn’t say whether the children were accessing the Internet via a computer or a mobile phone, not that it matters anymore - phones and computers access the exact same online information and communication channels.

    So, back to South Africans loving their phones, it’s not surprising that so much innovation is taking place in the mobile space here. And indeed, a good solution to allowing parents to keep their children safe on their mobile phones has come out of South Africa, in the shape of Mobiflock, a child safety service for smartphones, which recently launched its beta service.

    Mobiflock has been specifically designed for the mobile environment and its particular challenges. The service gives parents visibility over how their children are using their phones, who is contacting them and the content they are being exposed to, and which applications they are installing. Parents can then use Mobiflock to set personalised and appropriate limits in place for each of their children in order to protect them from harm. Alerts via e-mail or text message warn parents about particularly dangerous activity.

    Technology is seldom a silver bullet, and Mobiflock places great emphasis on educating parents about digital communications and their digital native children, to allow them to appropriately and confidently guide their children through the digital social landscape.

    - Vanessa Clark is the Marketing Director of Mobiflock.

     

  • There's Not an App for That

    The United Nations' agency for ICTs, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), marks today, 17 May, as World Telecommunication and Information Society Day (WTISD). The purpose of the day is to “help raise awareness of the possibilities that the use of the Internet and other information and communication technologies (ICTs) can bring to societies and economies, as well as of ways to bridge the digital divide”. This year the theme of the day is “Better life in rural communities with ICTs”.

    It is a vital - if optimistic - theme. Over three quarters of the world's poor live in rural areas. They lack economic opportunities, have difficulty accessing basic services, have a limited voice in governance and remain extremely vulnerable to shocks. In Sub-Saharan Africa they account for 67% of the total population and rural poverty in this region is deepening. Rural areas in South Africa share similar characteristics. (IFAD Rural Poverty Report 2011)

    But the extent to which information communication technologies (ICTs) have the ability to improve the lives of the rural poor is debatable. There is no doubt that the use of ICTs among poor people is growing rapidly. Coverage reaches further than roads, electricity, sanitation and clean water. ICTs - and in particular mobile technology - provide access to information and communication, complement successful development initiatives, drive innovation, and empower communities and individuals to co-create new solutions.

    On the other side, however, is an understandable reaction to the inevitable hype.  Competitions and challenges have created a slightly unrealistic environment - at once hypercompetitive and unsustainable - perhaps a case of the ICT4D sector mirroring the commercial tech bubble?

    The slightly snarky – but usefully cynical - ict4djester.org talks amusingly of recycled presentations – tweaked slightly from pitches to VCs to Apps4Dev competitions to grant applications. This - and the more constructive Mobileactive.org's Failfare.org methodology (undefensively talking through ICT4D failures) suggests that it is difficult to actually understand the difference between a great plausible idea, and something that actually works.

    Maybe. But there are some exciting and effective ICT4D projects. And it is not atypical of deeply innovative phases for there to be a flurry of projects, prototypes, pilots – and the non-profit equivalent of exuberant venture capital – inflows of grants to the field of ICT4D. And maybe it takes a crowded podium/appstore/innovation lab, etc. to separate (and the agricultural analogy is deliberate) the wheat from the chaff.  And perhaps one of the most exciting aspects is that much of the hype - the events, the formation of app labs, techno-hubs, living labs and the solutions themselves - is happening in the countries and regions most affected by rural poverty. In India, here in South Africa, and even more so just up the road in Nairobi where “technology” and “technology for development” don't sound like completely different fields.

    And sometimes the hype is really just a question over-promising. The pragmatic assistance of existing workflows while saving money and improving efficiencies -maybe not by an order of magnitude, but incrementally. Surveys, field logistics, event and training management, appointment reminders, crowd-sourced mapping are all achievable, useful and scalable – in the context of existing well-designed programmes. A dose of humility is useful: deploying an app that tracks and maps treadle pump sales and installations is cool (Forms! GPS! Photos!) and ensures useful information to the NGO supplying them. But it is not the app that is irrigating previously rain-fed fields...

    Larger-scale successful uses of ICTs in rural development include improved access to markets, financial services and employment; increased access to education and healthcare; improvement in emergency and disaster relief; and improvement in transparency and public participation through the use of mobile phones in citizen journalism.

    Ciara Aucoin has put together a great list of some of the interesting “Human Development” Apps.

    And it is easy to throw around the names of projects and products that have made the field seem so exciting and full of potential - m-Pesa, Ushahidi, e-seva, eSoko - or the nascent projects just starting to bubble to visibility like Jamiix.com

    But how can we try and measure the value and impact of these tools in support of rural development, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa?

    So, as we celebrate WTISD today, with the emphasis on “Better life in rural communities with ICTs”, SANGONeT is pleased to announce that its 7th annual conference will focus on Information Communication Technologies for Rural Development (ICT4RD) with a theme titled, “Rural Realities, Real Solutions.”

    The conference will be held from the 1-3 November 2011 at the Wanderers Club in Johannesburg, South Africa.

    Amongst other things, the conference agenda will include a critical review of three keywords that are constantly thrown around in conference presentations and grant applications - scale, sustainability and replication. What is the status of existing ICT4RD projects? Why are so many ICT4D/ICT4RD projects stuck in pilots? What are the secrets of those projects and products that have broken free and are successfully scaling and replicating? Is there a “development innovation curve where we can map successful methods and projects?

    The conference will bring together more than 250 key innovators, implementers, social entrepreneurs and thinkers from across the developing world to explore how ICT innovations can benefit rural populations in Sub-Saharan Africa. It will assess the current state of ICT4RD projects, products and policies; create an environment for matchmaking and deep knowledge-sharing; and contribute to the successful use of ICTs in response to the realities of rural development.

    The real success requirements of many ICT4RD projects depend less on great software development and more on good research, effective local capacity, influence, great networks and relationships - the types of things a good NGO does well and has done well through many developmental, technological and methodological phases.

    And there's not an app for that.

    Click here for more information about the 2011 SANGONeT Conference or assist us in shaping the conference agenda by sharing your views and comments on Facebook, on Twitter, or by replying to ict4rd@ngopulse.org.

    Matthew de Gale manages SANGONeT’s “Mobile Services for African Agriculture” programme.

    David Barnard is the Executive Director of SANGONeT.
    Author(s): 
    Matthew de Gale
    Matthew de Gale
    Author(s): 
    David Barnard
  • WSIS Forum 2011 unites governments with grassroots to re-energize the development agenda

    World leaders are gathering in Geneva this week to work on strategies to more effectively harness the power and reach of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development Goals in crucial areas like health and education.

    Co-organized by ITU, UNESCO, UNCTAD and UNDP, the World Summit on the Information Society (16-20 May) is the world’s largest annual gathering of the world’s ‘ICT for development’ community, including UN agencies, governments, civil society and ICT industry representatives.

    Guest speakers at this morning’s opening ceremony included Ministers and deputies from 17 countries, including Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Burundi, El Salvador, Finland, Gambia, Ghana, India, Mexico, Montenegro, Oman, Philippines, Poland, the Russian Federation, Serbia, and the United Arab Emirates.

    Delegates also heard interventions from ITU Secretary-General, Dr Hamadoun Touré; Supachai Panitchpakdi, Secretary-General of UNCTAD; Juan Somavia, Director-General of the ILO; Janis Karklins, Deputy-Director of UNESCO; Mohamed Nasser Al Ghanim, Director-General, Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of the United Arab Emirates; John Davis, Vice-President, Intel Corporation and General Manager of Intel’s World Ahead Program, and Cyril Ritchie, President of the Conference on NGOs in Consultative Relationship with the UN (CoNGO).

    This year’s WSIS Forum also welcomes more than 70 Members of Parliament and many other senior government figures. Over 1,000 representatives from around 140 countries are expected to attend the week-long event.

    In his opening address, Dr Touré stressed the importance of broadband to national economic and social development. “I think we are all very much aware of how close we are to the 2015 deadline for meeting the WSIS targets and the Millennium Development Goals. We have made quite extraordinary progress in terms of connectivity, the creation of an enabling environment, and cybersecurity. The next major step must be to repeat the ‘mobile miracle’ for broadband Internet,” he said.

    The Forum will also serve as the venue for the UN Group on the Information Society’s first meeting of the open consultation process on the overall review of the implementation of the WSIS outcomes. Stakeholders will jointly brainstorm on the action plan for the Review Process (WSIS+10), to be held 10 years after the conclusion of the Summit, as recommended in the Tunis Agenda.

    In addition to reviewing progress towards the WSIS targets set for 2015, this year’s WSIS Forum will foster interactive debate and information exchange on a wide range of key topics such as rural development, multilingualism, environmental sustainability, education, healthcare and innovation.

    The opening ceremony was followed by a High Level session, Working Together Towards 2015. Ongoing High-level Dialogues throughout the course of the week include:
    • Right to Communication
    • Innovation for Digital Inclusion
    • ICTs to Enable Least Developed Countries
    • Building Confidence and Security in Cyberspace
    Alongside an exhibition component, the Forum offers participants a diverse range of meetings and activities, including Interactive WSIS Action Line Facilitators Meetings, Interactive Sessions, Country and Thematic Workshops and Knowledge Exchanges. Afternoon sessions each day will also feature the release of a number of new publications and briefings from participating organizations. The Forum programme also includes the Parliamentary Forum as well as meetings of the Internet Governance Forum.

    The WSIS agenda is the result of a comprehensive open consultation process involving all stakeholders. Spanning three phases, this year’s process welcomed 150 contributions from 50 countries.

    Remote participation is an integral component of the WSIS Forum 2011. Each session can be viewed remotely at: http://groups.itu.int/wsis-forum2011/Home.aspx.

    This year’s WSIS Forum 2011 programme has been greatly enhanced thanks to the strategic partnership and contribution of the United Arab Emirates. The Forum has also benefited from contributions of Oman for the series of workshops, and Mexico for Spanish interpretation.

    Videos, photos, live and archived webcasts, and transcripts of speeches can be found at the event Newsroom at www.itu.int/net/pressoffice/wsis/index.aspx , or on the main event website at http://groups.itu.int/wsis-forum2011/Home.aspx. Follow the event on Twitter at #WSIS.

    For more information, please contact:

    Sarah Parkes
    Chief, Media Relations & Public Information
    ITU
    Tel: +41 22 730 6135
    Mobile: +41 79 599 1439
    E-mail: sarah.parkes@itu.int

    Jaroslaw K. Ponder
    Strategy & Policy Advisor,
    ITU,
    Tel: +41 22 730 6065
    E-mail: jaroslaw.ponder@itu.int

    To view other NGO press releases, refer to www.ngopulse.org/group/home-page/pressreleases.

    Date published: 
    16/05/2011
    Organisation: 
    International Telecommunication Union
  • SANGONeT ICT4RD Conference 2011 - “Rural Realities, Real Solutions”

    Over three quarters of the world's poor live in rural areas. They often lack economic opportunities, have difficulty accessing basic services, have limited voice in governance and remain extremely vulnerable to shocks.

    How can development practice and approaches address these issues within the current financial constraints facing national budgets and donor funding? What are the new, innovative - and more cost effective - solutions and applications available to respond to rural development challenges in Africa and other parts of the developing world in a meaningful manner?

    The 7th Annual SANGONeT "ICTs for Civil Society" Conference, to be held from 1-3 November 2011 at the Wanderers Club in Illovo, Johannesburg, will focus on information communication technologies for rural development (ICT4RD) under the theme “Rural Realities, Real Solutions”.

    ICT4RD 2011 posits that part of the answer to the questions listed above will rely on new technologies - technologies like mobile phones - with coverage already reaching further than roads, electricity, sanitation and clean water.

    ICT4RD 2011 is the first African conference to apply these emerging technologies and practices to rural development, and will provide new thought leadership at a moment in time when the development sector is poised for innovation and change.

    ICT4RD 2011 will bring together 250-300 experts and practitioners - from government, NGOs, donor community, ICT sector, social entrepreneurs, investors and other stakeholder groups - from across Sub-Saharan Africa and beyond, to confront the realities of rural development and explore the innovative use of ICTs to catalyze the growth of ICT4RD solutions for scale.

    For more about ICT4RD 2011 and to register, refer to www.ngopulse.org/ict4rd.

    Follow updates about the event on Facebook, or Twitter, or by replying to ict4rd@ngopulse.org.

    SANGONeT Conference Team
    August 2011


    Related article:

    There's Not an App for That
  • Microsoft "ICTs for NGOs" Day - East London

    Microsoft and SANGONeT will be hosting a one-day "ICTs for NGOs" event on Thursday, 12 May 2011 (09h00-13h00), at the Premier Hotel Regent in East London.

    Participants will have the opportunity to highlight and discuss the ICT challenges and opportunities facing NGOs, and learn about new ICT applications and solutions available from Micorosoft.

    As part of the programme, SANGONeT will highlight new technology offerings available to NGOs through SANGOTeCH.

    Refer to the programme for the event listed below.

    Don’t miss out on this opportunity to learn how ICTs can be used more strategically in your NGO.

    Participation is free of charge.

    To register and confirm your participation, please forward your name, designation, organisation and e-mail address to Botswang Kgeledi at SANGONeT on botswang@sangonet.org.za by Wednesday, 11 May 2011.

    For a map and directions to the venue, click here.

    Programme:
    TimeTopic   Presenter
    08:30 - 09:00 Registration and Networking  
    09:00 - 09:10 Welcome and Introduction David Barnard, SANGONeT
    09:10 - 09:30 Overview of Citizenship and the Importance of NGOs and Public Institutions  Themba Mdlalose, Microsoft
    09:30 - 09:45 SANGOTeCH - Providing NGOs with Technology Botswang Kgeledi, SANGONeT
    09:45 - 10:10 Use of Mobile Technology for Social Change  Matthew de Gale, SANGONeT
    10:10 - 10:30 Cloud Computing  
    10:30 - 11:00 Serenic End-toEnd NGO Solution  Grant van der Westhuizen, Serenic
    11:00 - 11:20 ICT4D Case Study  Mymie Vos, NBI
    11:20 - 12:00 ICTs and NGOs - What are rhe Challenges and Opportunities Going Forward  
    12:00 - 12:15
     
    Evaluation and Closure
     
    David Barnard, SANGONeT & Themba Mdlalose, Microsoft
    12:15 - 13:00 Lunch and Networking  

    Event start date: 
    12/05/2011
    Event end date: 
    12/05/2011
    Event venue: 
    Premier Hotel Regent, 22 Esplanade, Beachfront, East London
    Event type: 
    Seminar
  • Microsoft "ICTs for NGOs" Day - Durban

    Microsoft and SANGONeT will be hosting a one-day "ICTs for NGOs" event on Tuesday, 10 May 2011 (09h00-13h00), at the Diakonia Centre in Durban.

    Participants will have the opportunity to highlight and discuss the ICT challenges and opportunities facing NGOs, and learn about new ICT applications and solutions available from Micorosoft.

    As part of the programme, SANGONeT will highlight new technology offerings available to NGOs through SANGOTeCH.

    Refer to the programme for the event listed below.

    Don’t miss out on this opportunity to learn how ICTs can be used more strategically in your NGO.

    Participation is free of charge.

    To register and confirm your participation, please forward your name, designation, organisation and e-mail address to Botswang Kgeledi at SANGONeT on Tel: 011 403 4935 or botswang@sangonet.org.za by Monday, 9 May 2011.

    Programme:

    TimeTopic

     

    Presenter

    08:30 - 09:00

    Registration and Networking

     

    09:00 - 09:10

    Welcome and Introduction

    David Barnard, SANGONeT

    09:10 - 09:30

    Overview of Citizenship and the Importance of NGOs and Public Institutions

     Themba Mdlalose, Microsoft

    09:30 - 09:45

    SANGOTeCH - Providing NGOs with Technology

    Botswang Kgeledi, SANGONeT

    09:45 - 10:10

    Use of Mobile Technology for Social Change

     Andi Friedman, Mobile Researcher

    10:10 - 10:30

    Cloud Computing

     

    10:30 - 11:00

    Serenic End-toEnd NGO Solution

     Grant van der Westhuizen, Serenic

    11:00 - 11:20

    ICT4D Case Study 

     Mymie Vos, NBI

    11:20 - 12:00

    ICTs and NGOs - What are rhe Challenges and Opportunities Going Forward

     

    12:00 - 12:15

     

    Evaluation and Closure

     

    David Barnard, SANGONeT & Themba Mdlalose, Microsoft

    12:15 - 13:00

    Lunch and Networking

     

    Event start date: 
    10/05/2011
    Event end date: 
    10/05/2011
    Event venue: 
    Diakonia Centre, 20 Diakonia Avenue, Durban
    Event type: 
    Seminar
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