On 29 September 2015, Police Minister, Nkosinathi Nhleko, released the crime statistics covering the period 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2015. An estimated 1.8 million crimes were reported in that period; police operations detected 356 919 crimes, of which 266 902 were drug-related; and 1.7 million people were arrested. 

The statistics paint a dismal picture in terms of personal security. Contact crimes, including murder, attempted murder and aggravated robbery are up by 0.9 percent. Murder is up by 4.6 percent bringing the number to 17 805 as opposed to 17 023 the year before. This amounts to 49 people a day or one murder every 30 minutes. The world average for murder rates is 7.6 per 100 000 people, while the South African average comes in at 36.5 per 100 000. 86 police officers were killed in the period, and a total of 1 537 police officers were attacked. 49 murders were committed by children during 2014/15. Attempted murder was up by 3.2 percent, sitting at 17 537. These statistics are all the more disturbing since they reverse, for the third year running, the decrease in this category that has been evident since 1994. The rise in murders in South Africa is also contrary to the international trend, where murder is showing signs of decreasing. Aggravated robbery was up by 8.5 percent. Also on the increase were carjackings, truck hijacking and aggravated business robbery. On average, 207 cases of street robbery were reported daily to the police. Cash in transit robberies were also down for the period under review. 

One area in which there was a decrease was that of sexual offences, where there was a drop of 5.4 percent, from 56 000 cases last year to 53 617 this year. It has to be borne in mind, though, that statistics in this area are often complicated as the numbers of victims who report especially intimate sexual crimes is notoriously unreliable, so the actual figure might well be higher than those given.  The Minister pointed out that if these statistics were read in terms of 10 and 5 year periods then the one would observe a ‘bigger picture’ of overall decreases in many categories of crime, thus suggesting that these statistics should not be read in isolation.  

The Minister emphasised in his speech that the crime statistics invite a response not only from the police, but also from the public who have a great role to play in solving crime, and in creating environments which are conducive to alternate forms of conflict resolution and to the restoration of personal and social morality. This is indisputably true, but it does not take away from criticisms levelled at the police. It has been pointed out, for example, by several analysts that crimes such as armed robbery and business robbery are typically crimes committed by organised groups, often consisting of repeat offenders, and usually small in number. Good strategies, judicious use of crime intelligence, and specialised agencies should usually be able to reduce such crimes effectively. Yet these very categories are on the increase. 

It has also been pointed out that with a budget of about R80bn, state of the art technology, and more than 194 000 personnel, a much better result should be expected in terms of crime reduction. Nor is one able to ignore the demoralisation of many in the police force and the consequence thereof on effective policing. It is also a matter of concern that the head of the police is facing a board of enquiry with regard to her fitness for office; this must have a damaging effect on the morale of the force and indeed on the overall quality of leadership in an area where bold, decisive and creative direction is paramount.  

Other issues also contribute to the ongoing criminal environment. The correctional services emphasis is still largely based on punishment and not by any means sufficiently on rehabilitation; this contributes to the high recidivism rates and the absorption of offenders into the mainstream of criminal activity. One of the most important contributors to the criminal environment is obviously the enduring and growing inequality in our society, with its attendant anger, desperation, and sense of exclusion from even a minimally decent life. As this becomes more evident, with the rich/poor gap evidenced by greater ostentation on the part of the beneficiaries of good fortune, we must expect the desperation and anger to increase, thus adding to the volatility in our country. These problems can be remedied to some degree by greater political will, wiser leadership and the promotion of more strategic policies and resource allocation; however, public officials and political leadership in the security establishments must be held to a stricter level of accountability on multiple levels.  

It must be borne in mind that in the period under review the police force incurred civil claims to the tune of R9.5 billion due to misconduct. How this plays out in terms of good example and public trust is questionable: especially since R94.3 million was for assaults. We also need to remember that when public figures and supposed role models are deemed to be beyond the law, such behaviour legitimises antisocial pathologies and allows for the spread of a sense of being above and beyond the law.  

Finally, it was particularly worrying, in light of the recent wave of xenophobia, that for the first time crimes committed by foreigners were highlighted. There seems to have been no good reason to single out non-South Africans in an environment already riddled with suspicion against them.     

All South Africans, but especially those who are poor and vulnerable, deserve to know that they can look forward to reasonable security and public safety in a world in which they are forced to battle to uphold their dignity. We need to heed again the insight of Aristotle when he reminded us that ‘poverty is the parent of revolution and crime.’ 

  • Peter-John Pearson is a director at the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference.

It seems that more and more authors are writing about the failure of and diminishing importance of strategic management. Numerous surveys are quoted to indicate that between 50 percent and 75 percent of strategies fail. 

A different point of view is that the speed of change is so high that the longer term strategic planning is unable to address the future comprehensively and must be replaced with shorter term planning.

Maybe both of these views show a limited perspective and understanding of what strategic management at its deepest level is and what it really entails. Let us consider just four often misunderstood issues about strategic planning.

Strategic planning is done at fixed intervals e.g. annually or every 3-5 years.

Strategic management documents or plans – yes they often end in a drawer – are usually compiled at fixed intervals. These documents are actually only the minutes of a special meeting. Compiling the document must however not be confused with the purpose and process of strategic planning and having a document called a strategic plan does not mean you actually have a strategic plan. Strategic management requires ongoing monitoring of the issues that were discussed, the conclusions that were drawn and the objectives that were set – and that were summarised in the strategic planning document - in relation to realities faced on a day to day basis. Strategic plans are statements of intent based on the expectation at a specific time of what lies ahead, and must be adjusted as required by new realities faced.

Strategic planning requires a large numbers of people.

It seems as if some organisations in South Africa confuse strategic planning and Indaba’s. At an Indaba everyone is welcome and by their presence they are seen as having participated and effectively accepted the outcome. Strategic planning is actually a process where key people can speak openly about anything without any fear of retribution or “upsetting” one of their seniors. If the most junior participant does not honestly feel free to speak, the session cannot be seen as a strategic planning session.

Special exercises must be done or documents completed to develop a strategic plan.

There are books of templates and exercises available that should apparently be used for strategic planning. One example contains more than 80 tools! If this approach is used, strategic planning often becomes a paper driven exercise and the plan only a list of exercises completed. Strategic planning requires integrative thinking and the exercises are in effect just “checklists” or prompts of things to consider when discussing current realities and anticipated futures.

It worked for company X, so it will be ideal for us.

A number of organisations fall into a trap of “fad surfing” or following approaches published as the new solution for everything. With strategic planning, as with most things in organisations, there is no one size fits all approach. 


It is clear from the above that strategic planning requires honest and unique consideration of; what works / does not work, what can be / should be achieved, what the company has / does not have and many more aspects regarding the future position of the organisation. Only once the future position has been thoroughly debated and reviewed can any decisions be made or broad based planning done. This must however be done with the understanding that plans might, will more than likely have to, change. Changing a day to day plan does not mean that the plans for the future positioning of the company has failed.

Deciding to go on an overseas holiday (strategic plan) by boat rather than previously anticipated aeroplane does not make the long term plan to go overseas a failure.

Delivered by Mr. Gyan Chandra Acharya, under-secretary-general and high representative for the least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing states]

I am pleased to send greetings to all participants at this important event. I thank Bangladesh, Benin, the Netherlands and Sweden for organising it.

I congratulate Member States for adopting an ambitious and transformative 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This is a plan of action for or planet and all people. We have collectively committed ourselves to furthering sustainable development by eradicating poverty, protecting our planet and achieving a life of dignity for all.

With the SDGs, our pledge is not only to finish the work we started with the MDGs but to embrace a truly ambitious agenda to eradicate hunger, poverty, and preventable child deaths. Such is the level of ambition of the new agenda.

But ambition alone is not enough. Words, however noble, need to become deeds. Implementation will be the litmus test of the new agenda.

Nowhere will this be more important than in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), where challenges are greatest. After many years of stagnation and low growth, LDCs are now achieving encouraging economic progress with some signs of structural transformation. The new agenda provides the opportunity to build on this encouraging signs to pursue sustainable development.

I urge you to keep the political momentum alive so that we can translate words into action. We must rally international solidarity and a stronger global partnership for development, mobilizing civil society, the private sector and others.   It will be essential to engage in the High-Level Political Forum on sustainable development – the central review platform for the agenda – to keep the focus on implementation. 

Inspired by their adoption, let us pledge to realise all the SDGs, and usher in a life of dignity for all.

For more about United Nations, refer to

 Human Rights and the HIV Response -  Eastern and Southern Africa

A rapid assessment of human rights violations in the context of HIV, in the Eastern and Southern Africa region, and a review of current approaches to protecting and promoting human rights for an effective HIV response.

Key populations, specifically people who sell sex (PWSS), people who inject drugs (PWID) and lesbian, and gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people experience significant human rights violations which underpin the continued high HIV incidence in these populations.

Even in the generalised epidemics in southern and eastern Africa key populations remain particularly vulnerable: only in sub-Saharan Africa do studies show HIV-prevalence amongst female sex workers higher than 50%; in Tanzania despite a declining HIV-prevalence in the general population (currently 5.6%), amongst PWID HIV-prevalence remains sustained and high at 35%; and men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa are estimated to be 3.8 times more likely to be living with HIV than the general population. This sustained and high burden of HIV is intimately linked to the denial of these key populations’ human rights.

This rapid assessment of human rights violations in Eastern and southern Africa focuses on three priority key populations

– PWSS, LGBTI (including MSM), and PWID. The report outlines the normative international treaties that establish a basis for a human rights framework for the HIV response.

This requires a focus on the legislative environment and the development of programmatic responses to ensure populations are able to realise their right to health. As will be evident, despite commitments internationally by states to the realisation of rights of all people, these are not translated into national policies and programmes. This report explores the emerging evidence of how to promote and protect human rights of key populations and potential key entry points. 


HEARD is a leading applied research centre with a global reputation and through its research, education programmes, technical services, partnerships and networks, leads the dialogue in addressing the broad health challenges of Africa.

Our aim is to shape public health policy and practice to address health inequalities in Africa by catalysing, conducting and disseminating innovative research on the socio-economic aspects of public health, especially the African HIV and AIDS pandemic.

For more about HEARD, refer to

For more information, click here.

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