12 Feb 2015

State of the Nation Address by His Excellency Jacob G Zuma, President of the Republic of South Africa on the occasion of the Joint Sitting of Parliament Cape Town,

The Speaker of the National Assembly,
The Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces,
Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly and Deputy Chairperson of the NCOP,
Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa,
Former President Thabo Mbeki,
Former President FW de Klerk,
Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng and all esteemed members of the judiciary,
The Vice President of the Pan African Parliament, HE Roger Nkondo Dang,
The Speaker of the National Assembly of the United Republic of Tanzania and Chairperson of the SADC Parliamentary Forum, the Hon Anne Makinda,
Ministers and Deputy Ministers,
Premiers and Speakers of Provincial Legislatures,
Chairperson of SALGA,
The Heads of Chapter 9 Institutions,
Chairperson of the National House of Traditional Leaders,
The former Speaker of the National Assembly, Dr Frene Ginwala,
Their Majesties Kgosi Keru Molotlegi, King Toni Peter Mphephu (Ramabulana),
Kumkani Mpendulo Zwelonke Sigcawu,
Invited guests,
Members of the diplomatic corps,
Honourable members,
Fellow South Africans,

Good evening, sanibonani, molweni, riperile, dumelang, lotshani, goeie naand, ndimadekwana, !gai//goes.

I would like to thank the Presiding Officers for the opportunity to address the nation this evening.

The year 2015 marks 60 years of a historic moment in our history, when South Africans from all walks of life adopted the Freedom Charter in 1955, in Kliptown, Soweto.

They declared among other things, that South Africa belongs to all who live in it, black and white, and that no government can justly claim authority unless it is based on the will of all the people.

That was a powerful, visionary and reconciliatory statement which set the tone for the non-racial democracy we have established.

This week we also mark 25 years since the release of President Nelson Mandela from prison, and since the unbanning of liberation movements.

The release of Madiba marked a giant leap in the long walk to freedom for the people of South Africa as a whole and dealt a fatal blow to apartheid colonialism.
We continue to be inspired by Madiba and draw lessons from his legacy as we build our country.


The year 2015 is the Year of the Freedom Charter and Unity in Action to Advance Economic Freedom. It is the year of going the extra mile in building a united, democratic, non-racial, non-sexist and prosperous South Africa.

It is also the year of rededicating ourselves to eradicate racism and all related intolerances in our country.

It is also the year of investing more in our future, by educating our children and the youth about the rich heritage of this country.

We are already inculcating a new national identity through promoting national symbols such as the national flag, the national anthem and the preamble of the Constitution in every school.

From this year, schools must also practise the African Union anthem, in preparation for the celebration of Africa month in May, as we implement the African Union decision in this regard.

Honourable Members,
Distinguished guests,

Our youth is our future and their success fills us with immense pride. I would like you to join me in congratulating my special guest, our ace Olympic swimmer Chad Le Clos. Chad received swimming’s highest honour in December after he was crowned the world’s best swimmer for 2014, by the International Swimming Federation, among many other outstanding achievements.

I am also hosting three special girls from Moletsane High School in Soweto. They are Ofentse Mahasha, Hlengiwe Moletsane and Tiisetso Mashiloane. Ofentse and Hlengiwe attended the last G20 summit in Australia and performed exceptionally well, making us truly proud.

Allow me also Madam Speaker and Chairperson to congratulate in absentia, another star performer who has brought glory to our country, Miss World, Rolene Strauss.

I would also like to introduce another special guest, the country’s Sports Star of the Year and Banyana Banyana striker, Portia Modise. Congratulations Portia.

Honourable Members,
Distinguished guests,

I would like to thank all who took their time to contribute to SONA 2015. In terms of the inputs, our people are concerned about among others crime, roads, access to education, youth internship schemes, water, electricity and support for small businesses.

Contributions requiring feedback are being referred to government departments for action.

Honourable Members,
Distinguished guests,

We meet yet again during a difficult economic climate. This week the International Monetary Fund revised down to 3.5 percent, the Gross Domestic Product growth forecasts for global economic growth in 2015.

Our ambition of achieving a growth target of five percent by 2019 is at risk, because of the slow global growth as well as domestic constraints in energy, skills, transport and logistics among others.

However, the situation is more promising on the jobs front. Two days ago, Statistics South Africa released the employment figures for the last quarter of 2014. The report shows that there are now 15.3 million people who are employed in South Africa. Jobs grew by 203 000.

Our investment in youth employment is also paying off. The Employment Tax Incentive which was introduced last year directed mainly at the youth, is progressing very well.

Two billion rand has been claimed to date by some twenty nine thousand employers, who have claimed for at least two hundred and seventy thousand young people.
I announced a target of six million work opportunities over five years last year for the programme. We have thus far created more than eight hundred and fifty thousand (850 000) work opportunities.

This means that we are poised to meet the annual target of one million job opportunities. In addition, our environmental programmes such as Working on Waste, Working for Wetlands, Working for Water and Working on Fire have created more than 30 thousand work opportunities and aim to create more than 60 000 during the next financial year.


Our economy needs a major push forward. We would like to share with you our nine point plan to ignite growth and create jobs.

These are;

  • Resolving the energy challenge;
  • Revitalising agriculture and the agro-processing value chain;
  • Advancing beneficiation or adding value to our mineral wealth;
  • More effective implementation of a higher impact Industrial Policy Action Plan.
  • Encouraging private sector investment;
  • Moderating workplace conflict;
  • Unlocking the potential of Small, Medium & Micro Enterprises, cooperatives, township and rural enterprises;
  • State reform and boosting the role of state owned companies, information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure or broadband roll out, water, sanitation and transport infrastructure as well as;
  • Operation Phakisa aimed growing the ocean economy and other sectors.


The country is currently experiencing serious energy constraints which are an impediment to economic growth and is a major inconvenience to everyone in the country.

Overcoming the challenge is uppermost in our programme. We are doing everything we can to resolve the energy challenge.


Uhulumeni wenza konke okusemandleni akhe ukubhekana nesimo sokuncipha kukagesi ezweni. Siyazi ukuthi lesi isikhathi esinzima, kodwa sizodlula, ngoba sinezindlela yokusebenza loludaba.

We have developed a plan which involves both short, medium term and long-term responses.

The short and medium-term plan involves improved maintenance of Eskom power stations, enhancing the electricity generation capacity and managing the electricity demand. The long term plan involves finalising our long term energy security master plan.

As a priority we are going to stabilise Eskom’s finances to enable the utility to manage the current period. In this regard, government will honour its commitment to give Eskom around 23 billion rand in the next fiscal year.

The ‘War Room’ established by Cabinet in December 2014 is working diligently around the clock with Eskom, to stabilise the electricity supply system and contain the load shedding. During this period, we have to work together to find solutions.

We urge all individuals, households, industries and government departments to save electricity in order to reduce the need for load shedding. The Department of Public Works has been instructed to ensure that all government owned buildings are energy efficient.

Given the high cost of diesel, Eskom has been directed to switch from diesel to gas as a source of energy for the utility’s generators.

Households are also being encouraged to switch from electricity to gas for cooking, heating and other uses.

The construction of the three new power stations - Kusile, Medupi and Ingula - will add 10 000 megawatts of capacity to the national grid. The quest for alternative energy sources is also ongoing.

To date government has procured 4 000 megawatts from Independent Power Producers, using renewable sources. The first three bid windows of the renewable energy procurement process attracted more than R140 billion from private investors.

A total of 3 900 megawatts of renewable energy has also been sourced, with 32 projects with a capacity of just over 1500 megawatts completed and connected to the grid.

Eskom itself has completed the construction of the Sere Wind Farm, which is already delivering 100 megawatts to the grid, well ahead of its intended launch in March this year.

Government also began procurement in December 2014, of 2 400 megawatts of new coal fired power generation capacity, from Independent Power Producers. The procurement process for 2 400 megawatts of new gas fired generation will commence in the first quarter of the new financial year.

A total of 2 600 megawatts of hydro-electric capacity will be sourced from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region.  With regards to the long-term energy master plan, we will pursue gas, petroleum, nuclear, hydropower and other sources as part of the energy mix.

South Africa is surrounded by gas rich countries, while we have discovered shale gas deposits in our own Karoo region.

The Operation Phakisa Ocean Economy initiative, launched last year, also promises to unveil more oil and gas resources, which will be a game changer for our country and region.

Government is also exploring the procurement of the 9 600 megawatts nuclear build programme as approved in the Integrated Resource Plan 2010-2030.

To date government has signed Inter-Governmental Agreements and carried out vendor Parade workshops in which five countries came to present their proposals on nuclear.

These include the United States of America, South Korea, Russia, France and China.

All these countries will be engaged in a fair, transparent, and competitive procurement process to select a strategic partner or partners to undertake the nuclear build programme.

Our target is to connect the first unit to the grid by 2023, just in time for Eskom to retire part of its aging power plants.

With regards to hydro power, the Grand Inga Hydro-electrical Project partnership with the Democratic Republic of Congo will generate over 48 000 megawatts of clean hydro-electricity.  South Africa will have access to over 15 000 megawatts.

For sustainability, government will establish strategic partnerships for skills development with the countries that will partner us in the Energy Build Programme, while also generating skills locally.


There are still 3.4 million households in the country without electricity. In the June 2014 SONA, I announced that infrastructure support will be given to specific municipalities in the country.  

Funding has been provided for electrification to the following municipalities in the 2015/16 financial year: Amathole District Municipality, Umzinyathi District Municipality, Alfred Nzo District Municipality, Lukhanji Municipality and OR Tambo District Municipality.

Fellow South Africans,

While tackling the energy challenges in our country we also need to fight copper cable and metal theft. Government will introduce tougher measures to deal with this serious crime.


During this year of the 60th anniversary of the Freedom Charter, land has become one of the most critical factors in achieving redress for the wrongs of the past.

Last year, we reopened the second window of opportunity for the lodgement of land claims. More than 36 thousand land claims have been lodged nationally and the cut-off date is 2019. We are also exploring the 50/50 policy framework, which proposes relative rights for people who live and work on farms. Fifty farming enterprises will be identified as a pilot project.

In terms of our new proposed laws, a ceiling of land ownership will be set at a maximum of 12 000 hectares. Foreign nationals will not be allowed to own land in South Africa but will be eligible for long-term lease.

In this regard, the Regulation of Land Holdings Bill will be submitted to Parliament this year. Through the Land Reform Programme, more than 90 000 hectares of land have been allocated to small holder farmers, farm dwellers and labour tenants.

The process of establishing the Office of the Valuer-General is underway, which is established in terms of the Property Valuation Act. Once implemented the law will stop the reliance on the Willing Buyer-Willing Seller method in respect of land acquisition by the state.


Agriculture is a catalyst for growth and food security. We are working with the private sector to develop an Agricultural Policy Action Plan which will bring one million hectares of under-utilised land into full production over the next three years.

Among key interventions this year, we will promote the establishment of agri-parks or cooperatives and clusters in each of the 27 poorest district municipalities to transform rural economies. An initial funding of R2 billion has been made available for the Agri-Park initiative.

We will further enhance our Agro-processing exports which have been growing rapidly especially to new markets in Africa and China. For example, we have concluded agricultural trade protocols for the export of South African Maize and Apples to China.

The export of apples alone is projected to generate five hundred million rand in foreign exchange over three years.

A good story to tell in agriculture is the success of some of our emerging farmers and smallholders.

In the Vhembe District Municipality in Musina, the Limpopo Government has supported the Nwanedi Cluster comprising 300 farmers growing vegetables on just over 1 300 hectares for commercial purposes.

The Cluster has already created more than 2 500 jobs as vegetable farming is highly labour-intensive.

We are happy to have in our midst today, the winner of the 2014 Agriculture Top Female Entrepreneur Award, Nokwanele Mzamo, from Kirkwood in the Eastern Cape.

Madam Speaker and Madam Chairperson,

Our interventions to support the manufacturing sector are bearing fruit. Our Automotive Investment Scheme has unlocked private-sector investment of R24.5 billion, and generated exports of automotives and components of R103 billion in 2013.

We have built a world-class auto sector on the African continent exporting to over 152 countries. The leather and footwear sector has also grown to 60 million pairs of shoes, and exports grew by 18 percent with significant benefit to the balance of trade.

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development shows that South Africa doubled its Foreign Direct Investment inflows to R88 billion in 2013 while 2014 projections are also positive.

The Manufacturing sector was hit hard by the Global Financial Crisis. Government committed more than R2.8 billion to companies in the sector, through the Manufacturing Competitiveness Enhancement Programme.

We are very pleased with the response of our manufacturers who, committed over R12.4 billion in private-sector investment. It is a very good story to tell indeed. In addition, to advance transformation, we have introduced the programme to find and develop black industrialists over three years.


Given such success in manufacturing, we are poised to make progress in our quest to ignite growth.

Madam Speaker and Madam Chairperson,

To attract foreign skills for our growing economy, we will invite dialogue with various stakeholders on the Migration Policy.

We will also prioritise the review of visa regulations to strike a balance between national security and growth in tourism.

Compatriots and friends,

In the June 2014 SONA, I spoke about the need to stabilise the mining sector and to promote a stable labour environment.

We had been concerned then, about the spate of long and sometimes violent strikes.

The implementation of a number of programmes under the Framework Agreement for a Sustainable Mining Industry, has caused relative stability and optimism in the mining sector, which is the backbone of our economy.

Mine Crime Combating Forums have been established in the North West, Limpopo, Free State, Mpumalanga, and Gauteng.

Government will implement the agreements reached with business and labour, including the consideration of a national minimum wage.

We had also made a commitment in last year’s SONA to revitalise distressed mining towns and a lot of progress has been made.

A total of R2.1 billion has been ring-fenced for this purpose with R290 million approved for Informal Settlement Upgrading in Mpumalanga, North West, Gauteng, Northern Cape, Limpopo and the Free State.

One hundred and thirty three informal settlements are being assessed or prepared for upgrading through the National Upgrade Support Programme.

Thirty two settlements are being upgraded and 87 housing projects are being implemented across the prioritised mining towns.

Importantly, government, the mining sector and the Banking Association of South Africa signed a social contract for the development of sustainable human settlements.

Government also continues to provide social development support within mining communities. Other support includes technical expertise with regards to Integrated Development Plans and the development of Special Economic Zones.

The mining towns are also being assisted with implementing the ‘Back to Basics’ municipal service delivery strategy. Indeed a lot is being done to build our mining towns.

Government is also reviewing the compliance of mining companies with the 2014 Mining Charter targets.

I referred the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act back parliament to enable the correction of some constitutional shortcomings and others issues.


Responding to business requests, government has synchronised environmental impact assessments, water and mining rights applications and has set a maximum of 300 days for all of these authorisations to be issued.

In addition, we will also establish a one stop inter-Departmental Clearing House to attend to investor complaints and problems.

Fellow South Africans,

The year 2015 will see further improvements in labour legislation to further promote worker rights.

The Labour Department will review the sectoral determinations of agriculture, forestry, private security, wholesale and retail sectors.

We expect the finalisation of the Employment Services Act of 2014, which formally establishes a public employment service.

The legislation also formally regulates the practices of private employment agencies and temporary employment services, to prevent the abuse of unsuspecting work seekers.

In addition, the Unemployment Insurance Act of 2001 will be amended to improve benefits to beneficiaries and include public servants in the application of the Act.

Honourable members and distinguished guests,

Small business is big business.

Government will set-aside 30 percent of appropriate categories of State procurement for purchasing from SMMEs, cooperatives as well as township and rural enterprises.

We will also continue to promote opportunities for the youth. The National Youth Development Agency has disbursed R25 million to 765 youth owned micro enterprises in the last financial year nationally.

The Agency has also partnered with the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) and the Small Enterprise Finance Agency in a three-way partnership that has resulted in a R2.7 billion fund for young people.


The year 2015 will mark the beginning of the first phase of broadband roll out. Government will connect offices in eight district municipalities.

These are Dr Kenneth Kaunda in North West, Gert Sibande in Mpumalanga, O.R. Tambo in the Eastern Cape, Pixley ka Seme in the Northern Cape, Thabo Mofutsanyane in the Free State, Umgungundlovu and Umzinyathi in KwaZulu-Natal, and Vhembe in Limpopo.

Government has also decided to designate Telkom as the lead agency to assist with broadband roll out. As part of further igniting growth, through supporting state-owned companies, processes are underway to implement a 90-day turnaround strategy aimed at stabilising the finances of South African Airways.

Accordingly, some of the loss making international routes will be phased out. But, we will do this in a manner that does not impact negatively on travel, trade and tourism between South Africa and the world.


The National Infrastructure Development programme continues to be a key job driver and catalyst for economic growth.

Water is a critical resource for economic growth and a better life. Several projects aimed at providing water for industrial and household use are in the implementation or planning phases around the country.

Major projects include Umzimvubu Water project in the Eastern Cape, Jozini Dam in Umkhanyakude in KwaZulu-Natal and projects in Bushbuckridge in Mpumalanga and phase one of the Mokolo Crocodile Water Augmentation in Limpopo.

Progress is being made to improve the water supply to areas that had been affected by shortages, such as  Makana District Municipality in the Eastern Cape, Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality in North West and Giyani in Limpopo where we celebrated the delivery of water to 55 villages in October last year.

Let me Honourable Speaker and Chairperson, urge all in the country to conserve water. Every drop counts. The country loses R7 billion a year to water losses.

To mitigate this challenge, government through the Department of Water and Sanitation will train 15 000 artisans or plumbers who will fix leaking taps in their local communities. We are happy to have as our special guest, the winner of the Women in Water conservation awards, Mapule Phokompe from Mahikeng in North West.


The infrastructure programme continues to expand transport networks and to improve roads which augurs well for economic growth.

The Department of Transport will spend about R9 billion on the Provincial Roads Maintenance Grant or the Sihamba Sonke Programme and R11 billion on upgrading and maintaining roads which are not tolled.

Over R6 billion will be spent in 13 cities on planning, building and operating integrated public transport networks during this financial year. We will also continue to improve the infrastructure in schools and higher education institutions to create a conducive environment for learning and teaching.

Through the Accelerated School Infrastructure Delivery Initiative which is part of the national infrastructure plan, 92 new schools have been completed to date and 108 are under construction.  About 342 schools have received water for the first time.

Three hundred and fifty one schools have received decent sanitation while 288 have been connected to electricity.

Siyaqhuba. Siyasebenza. We are a nation at work.

Government has identified 16 sites for the construction of 12 new Technical and Vocational Education and Training College campuses and the refurbishment of two existing campuses.

Work is also continuing to establish the three brand new universities, Sol Plaatjie in the Northern Cape, the University of Mpumalanga and the Sefako Makgatho Allied and Health Sciences University.

Honourable Members,

We continue to deliver houses to our people. By 30 September 2014, a total number of more than 50 000 houses were delivered in the subsidy and affordable housing segments.

Government will also provide 5 000 housing opportunities for Military veterans. Government will also work to eradicate the backlog of title deeds for pre and post 1994 housing stock.

Madam Speaker and Madam Chairperson

We have in the past year introduced some innovative programmes to implement the National Development Plan.

Last year, we launched Operation Phakisa, a results-driven laboratory approach to planning and execution of programmes.

Operation Phakisa on the ocean economy is aimed at unlocking opportunities in the shipping, fisheries, aquaculture, mining, oil and gas, bio-technology and tourism sectors.

We have committed R9.2 billion investment in gas and oil exploration in the port of Saldanha as part of the Operation Phakisa initiative.

Operation Phakisa on Scaling Up the Ideal Clinic Initiative is aimed at promoting efficiency, effectiveness and professionalism in clinics.

We will now explore Operation Phakisa in the mining sector. I have instructed Government to partner with the mining sector to develop win-win solutions to beneficiate our mineral resources.

Compatriots and friends,

Over the past five years, government has scored significant gains in health care.

This year, we are going to launch a massive programme to turn the tide against tuberculosis (TB), with a special focus on three communities, offenders at Correctional Services facilities, mineworkers and communities in mining towns.

In fighting the scourge of HIV and AIDS, the state-owned pharmaceutical company, Ketlaphela, has been established and will participate in the supply of anti-retrovirals to the Department of Health.

Madam Speaker and Madam Chairperson,

We have to continue working harder together to fight crime and to create safer communities. We are making progress in fighting crimes against women and children.

The South African Police Service Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Investigation Unit has secured 659 life sentences against perpetrators of crimes against women and children.

We are a democratic state and recognise the community's right to protest. We however appeal that these protests should be within the ambit of the law and must be peaceful as stated in the Constitution.

The police successfully brought under control 13 575 recorded public order incidents, comprising 1 907 unrest-related and 11 668 peaceful incidents.

The fight against corruption continues to be taken forward by the Anti-Corruption Inter-Ministerial Committee.

Government has in place seven anti-corruption institutions and 17 pieces of legislation which are intended to combat corruption. This demonstrates a concerted effort by government to break the back of this scourge in the country.

In the 2013/14 financial year, 52 persons were convicted in cases involving more than R5 million. Thirty one public servants were convicted in the first quarter of 2014/15 and freezing orders to the value of R430 million were obtained.

To prevent corruption and promote ethical governance, in December I signed into law the Public Administration and Management Act which among others prohibits public servants from doing business with the State.


Cabinet has adopted vigorous and integrated interventions to combat the vicious rhino poaching in the country.

The interventions include continuous joint operations with key neighbouring countries, improved intelligence gathering as well as enhancing protection in parks and provincial reserves where rhino are present.

Government has also made substantial progress in establishing a Border Management Agency, to manage all ports of entry and improve security.

To further improve access to identity documents, citizens will from this year be able to apply for the new Smart ID Card at their local bank due to partnership between the Department of Home Affairs and some banks in the country.

Madam Speaker and Madam Chairperson,

Building a caring, effective and responsive state will continue to be prioritised.

In the 2014 SONA, I said we would continue to advance and improve the lives of people with disabilities. In December last year, Cabinet released the draft National Disability Rights Policy for public comment.  


Local government is everybody’s business. We have to make it work.

We have launched the Back to Basics programme to promote good governance and effective administration through cutting wastage, spending public funds prudently, hiring competent staff, and ensure transparency and accountability in municipalities.

The Integrated Urban Development Framework announced in the SONA last June, has been approved by Cabinet.

Fellow South Africans,

To contribute to building a better Africa, South Africa continued to support peace and security and regional economic integration in the continent.

A number of key outcomes have resulted.

The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises (ACIRC), of which South Africa is a contributing and founding member has been operationalised.

The South African National Defence Force and South African Police Service continued to participate diligently in the conflict prevention and peacekeeping in the continent.

South Africa also continued to support conflict resolution initiatives in Lesotho, Sri Lanka and South Sudan, led by the Deputy President.

Economic cooperation with our BRICS partners was strengthened when the first two inter-governmental agreements were concluded on the occasion of the sixth BRICS Summit.

This was the Agreement on the New Development Bank and the Treaty Establishing a Contingent Reserve Arrangement.

Madam Speaker and Chairperson,

Countries of the developed North remain important strategic partners for South Africa through which the country is able to advance its national and foreign policy. We have a valuable partnership with the European Union in amongst others, the infrastructure Investment Programme for South Africa valued at approximately R1.5 billion.

The renewal of the African Growth and Opportunity Act beyond September 2015 and a pledge to support African-led peace initiatives in the continent are among the significant outcomes of the United States-Africa leadership Summit held in the United States last year.


At a multilateral level, 2015 marks the 70th anniversary of the United Nations which brings into sharp focus the need to transform the United Nations Security Council and other international institutions.


National liberation heroes, Moses Kotane and JB Marks will be reburied in South Africa in March 2015. We thank the government and people of the Russian Federation for looking after the remains of our heroes with dignity for so many decades.

In sports, Team South Africa will participate in the All Africa Games in Congo Brazzaville in 2015. The Springboks will participate in the IRB World Cup that takes place in England in September 2015.

The Proteas are in Australia and New Zealand to participate in the International Cricket Council Cricket World Cup. All South Africans must as usual, rally behind the national teams.

We will continue to promote healthy lifestyles and to urge citizens to refrain from smoking and the abuse of alcohol and drugs.

In this regard, on 10 May 2015 we will mark the Move for Health Day, an international event promoted by the World Health Organisation. The day also coincides with the anniversary of the inauguration of President Mandela.


Fellow South Africans,

A lot has been achieved in the past year. We believe that our nine point economic intervention plan on the economy will consolidate the achievements, and ignite much needed growth.

During this year of the Freedom Charter and Unity in Action to Advance Economic Freedom, we rededicate ourselves to unity and hard work, to ensure continuous success in our beautiful country.

Together we move South Africa forward!

I thank you.

Delivered by: President Jacob Zuma, Republic of South Africa.


How quick social media began to broadcast the siren weeping of the pallbearers bearing the coffin of democracy last night. On Facebook and Twitter, as we wept about the deconsecrating of Parliament by the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) protest at the 2015 State of the Nation Address (SONA). Spending three years in law school does seem to drill in to it you an almost irrational love of institutions of democracy (who hasn’t done a Parliament selfie?), but our knee jerk emotional response needs to be ignored while we try and examine the changing face of South African politics.

At the heart, I do believe it is a tragic day when Parliament becomes a playground rather than a hallowed ground of a democratic state - but yesterday was not the day it happened. Yesterday, when the President took the podium to begin SONA, he did so making a great deal of effort to look unaffected. Perhaps he was. I described it to one friend as ‘trying to look like a lion swatting its tail at flies’. He seemed not to recognise, of course, that he had lost. Well, at least Parliament had. Calling in the South African Police Service (SAPS) again made a tragically obvious show of the fact that the South African Parliament is the house of the President, rather than a check against total Presidential power. Of course it was the State of the Nation address, but let us not forget it is the same house that has failed to call the President to account for gross abuse of state funds.

And there in lies the rub - when did calls for decorum become more important the calls for fundamental justice and fairness? When did the substance behind our democratic institutions become less important than the prettiness of their face? Very quickly one man’s call for rules can become another man’s shackles.

I would suggest that the reason why the behaviour of the EFF in Parliament continues to garner support is because people see no need to keep sacred an institution that does not serve them. Of course, for the people it does serve it is a different story. But the African National Congress should be cautious of treating Parliament, as its Mount Olympus.

Why is Parliament important? It is the source of the laws that express our rule of law. It is also vital as a check and balance for political power. And that is so obviously where it fails. It is not the house the President built - it is the house the Constitution built. And it when it refuses to contain Presidential abuse of the state through corruption, it fails to live up to its constitutional roots. It has ignored the needs of the South African public. It is unsurprising then that the public may not then want to rise up in honour of maintaining the dignity it has already shed itself.

So, not unusually, democratic concepts begin to be abused by those in power to maintain power like a deranged and clingy Gollum. And the way this is done is through focusing on the form of democracy, rather than its substance. I want to see a Parliament that upholds democracy. We need to explore post critically how Parliament can begin to redeem its own sanctity. We need to fight for the substance of that Parliament. The Constitution created it within a vision of what democracy should be.

Democracy might not be dead, but she is a little bruised. And calls by those in power to leave her alone seem a little bit misplaced when they are the ones who tripped her down the stairs.

  • Gabriella Razzano is head of research at the Open Democracy Advice Centre (ODAC). This blog first appeared on the ODAC website.

A protest in Malamulele, Limpopo, led to a complete shut-down of the community. Protestors are demanding to be separated from the Thulamela municipality, based about 50km from their villages.

But this however is not a new issue, the demand has been made for over a decade now and over time there have been protests about the same issue and in September 2013 over 10 000 residents took part in another protest which led to looting and the destruction of property.

Following this, the Municipal Demarcation Board announced that there would be no separation of municipalities.

As part of the ANC’s election campaign, in April 2014 President Jacob Zuma visited the area leading to residents telling him their grievances. Zuma reportedly said “This matter has never presented to the president of the country. I will find out why the matter was delayed so much…” Further adding that, “it is important that we conclude the matter within a reasonable time. Since the matter is been presented to the president I am now going to take an interest to look at the matter firstly on the facts and the time it must take before it can be concluded”. According to members of the community, they have not heard back from the President since.

During the unrest in the community, there was a misplaced emphasis on alleged tribalism as a result of the municipality being located in neighbouring Thohoyandou, the capital city of the former Venda homeland and the residents of Malamulele are predominantly Xitsonga.

This overemphasis led to the complete wipe out of the Census 2011 results, which found that:

  • Only 15,2% of the population in the municipality have access to piped water within their dwelling;
  • 10,7% of the residents have toilets connected to the sewerage and
  • Only 12,5% of the population have their refuse removed once a week

These findings clearly show that there are serious service delivery problems in the municipality, a category B municipality serving as the most local tier of local government and servicing a population of over 600 000. Also notable is that while the majority of the population are working age, the unemployment figure in the municipality is much higher than the national average standing at 43%.

During the current unrest in the community, schools were shut-down of schools as a means of leverage by protestors. The school shut-down was widely condemned by a number of officials and bodies, citing the school children’s ‘right to education’.

What went without condemnation however was the unresponsiveness of the state, which led to the use of schools as leverage in the first place.  

A 2011 report, titled ‘The smoke that calls: Insurgent citizenship, collective violence and the struggle for a place in the new South Africa’, records a community protestor saying that it was “the smoke [the protests] that calls them [the state]”.

Similarly a report by the Socio-Economic Rights Institute (SERI), titled ‘An Anatomy of Dissent and Repression: The Criminal Justice System and the 2011 Thembelihle Protest’, affirms this as it underscores the fact that communities often have long histories of failed attempts at engaging with different levels of the state. And it is generally after many failed attempts that communities turn to protests.

The same pattern was also visible in Bekkersdal, among many other communities, where the state only started addressing community issues after prolonged collective action by residents. So the state should in fact take full responsibility for continuously reinforcing protest and the use of schools as leverage- along with other tactics - as the only means through which communities get responses to their demands.

The attempts to reduce the demand for a municipality to issues of tribalism should guarded against, along with the tendency of depicting residents as irrational people for using the leverage which did eventually get some reaction from officials.

On Friday the community was informed that the Municipal Demarcation Board feasibility study had found that it would not be possible for them to get their own municipality, yet so far there does not seem to be a plan in place to ensure that there is any kind of intervention to improve service delivery at the existing municipality.
- Koketso Moeti is the national coordinator of Local Government Action, a loose alliance of organisations working to promote democracy, accountability and delivery at local government level. For more information follow Local Government Action on Twitter and Facebook or visit

Wendy van Eyck, communications manager for Qhubeka, had to learn very quickly how to make the most of limited time and resources. In 2014, she managed to increase Qhubeka’s fundraising by more than 15 times the amount raised in 2013 through the GiveHope campaign. She shared 8 tips for running a successful peer-to-peer online fundraising campaign.
Work smarter not harder
Wendy uses automated email replies to make her life easier. However, this does not mean that her communication with Qhubeka’s supporters is impersonal. She uses many different email templates to address different segments of her audience. New activists, for example, receive a series of four emails which welcome, equip and encourage them to take on their new role as volunteer fundraisers (activists) for Qhubeka. She includes Qhubeka’s unique “fundraising kit”, which gives activists ideas on how to kick start a campaign, and includes photos and links they can share with friends.
Encourage and motivate your activists
Automation is extremely helpful in managing time, but it cannot be the only form of interaction with activists. Wendy 'keeps an eye' on every activist’s progress, and would send them an email to congratulate and encourage them when they have reached their halfway mark, and again when they have reached their goal. These emails are personal and include some additional tips and advice.
Wendy also has an 'influencers list' - people with a large following on social media - whom she asks to share Qhubeka’s news. She asks these people to amplify the message of her cause and help her to reach more people through their respective networks. Reaching out to her influencers includes sending them emails, tweets and photos that they can post directly to their networks. (You can set up your own Influencers List using an App such as WhoTweetedMe and IfThisThenThat, or create one manually.)
Captivate your audience with stories
Wendy believes that stories have a big impact on people. That is why she tries to tell stories of the children who have benefitted from Qhubeka, sharing their names with donors and showing how it has changed their lives. She also asks supporters and activists to tell their personal stories when asking their friends to support Qhubeka. According to a report published by Georgetown University, storytelling turns awareness into action: more than half of those surveyed agreed that they had read stories on social media that have made them want to do more. 
Pick yourself up and try again
If at first you do not succeed, do not give up! Wendy managed to drastically improve the success of the Give Hope campaign within just one year. In the first year, they raised only R12 000; in the next, the number grew to R200 000. Wendy admits that she learnt a lot through the first try, and applied the lessons she learned.
The early bird catches the worm)
Planning for Qhubeka’s successful GiveHope campaign started in June, four months ahead of its launch in October. Her preparation went into composing campaign emails, organising the production of a campaign video and putting various campaign elements into place.
Link it up
Wendy attributes much of the success of Qhubeka’s GiveHope campaign to the integrated donation landing page that was set up on their website. From here everything was linked: news about the campaign, links to social media and their GivenGain secure donation page, and even products from their online store. Integration is important, but so are clear calls to action. It must be very easy for a donor to understand what you want from them when they arrive on your website.
Make donors feel valued, rather than annoyed
According to Wendy, she continually asks herself, “Would I want to receive this in an email?” Following this principle, she goes to great lengths to ensure that Qhubeka’s supporters don’t receive the same email twice by checking her mailing lists meticulously. “It is easier to retain a donor than to establish one,” she believes. She spends more time on getting people to be recurring donors. (Both MailChimp and Campaign Monitor enable you to remove people from mailing lists through their “suppression list” functions.)
Build lasting relationships
Keeping her communication concise and interesting enables Wendy to achieve what she considers to be the most important: building relationships with donors. She does this by telling them exactly what their donations will be used for, and regularly reporting back to tell them the stories of children whose lives were touched through their support. In fact, a 2013 study by the Urban Institute Centre on Nonprofits and Philanthropy showed the costs associated with finding and processing new donors are generally higher than maintaining connections with existing donors. This is why Wendy is serious about donor retention.
Wendy has found what works for her campaigns at Qhubeka. Learn from her to find out what works for yours. Successful online fundraising can be a quick endeavor if you utilise your resources and focus on the right things.   

Uncontrolled and often illegal sand mining activities are destroying some of South Africa’s most valuable natural resources at an unprecedented rate.

Sand mining is the extraction of surface sand from beaches and inland dunes, or the dredging of sand from riverbeds. The sand is typically sold to the construction industry, for the production of materials such as tiles, cement bricks and other sand aggregates.

Although often small-scale and remote, these activities are exceeding the regenerative capacity of many rivers, valleys and estuaries ecosystems throughout the country. A new SAIIA policy briefing explains that the cost of these unsustainable activities is far-reaching, with large economic, social and ecological consequences for South Africa and local resource users.

The frameworks governing small-scale sand mining in South Africa lack the necessary resources to support better environmental compliance, and the enforcement mechanisms to successfully deter illegal activities are weak. Existing policy and management responses lack the urgency needed to avert the irreversible destruction of these riverine environments and conserve sand as a finite resource.

Better enforcement is needed to discourage illegal sand mining and to end the extraction of all river and estuarine sand mining. This should be done while concurrently seeking more sustainable sources of sand for the fast growing construction industry.

  • SAIIA has just released new research on this topic. Click here to download the briefing by Romy Chevallier.



NGO Services

NGO Services

NGO Events